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Soil and Crop Management

Please Note: The CTAHR publications database reflects over a century of study by researchers and extension agents in the College. Much of the information contained in earlier publications is still of practical and technical use, and the documents are an unparalleled resource for Hawai'i agricultural and horticultural history. However, some publications also make recommendations that are no longer in accordance with more recent advances in understanding. For instance, they may specify pesticides or methods of using them that are no longer allowable under current State or federal regulations. Before using any pesticide, always read its label for approved uses, and follow label directions for application. Other publications may advocate the use of particular plant species that are now considered invasive. The Invasive Species Council is continually making assessments on this matter; see their Web site at http://www.hawaiiinvasivespecies.org for the latest recommendations on identification and control of these species.

'Tropic Sun' sunn hemp; Crotalaria juncea L.  [RES-036]  [1983]  PDF    
‘Tropic Lalo’ paspalum: Paspalum hieronymii Hack  [RES-046]  [1984]  PDF    
A simple evapotranspiration model for Hawaii: the Hargreaves model  [EN-106]  [1997]  PDF    
Absorption of fertilizer salts by Hawaiian soils  [B-35]  [1914]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 1. Crop science  [DP-27]  [1976]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 2. Crop science  [DP-28]  [1976]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 3. Soil science  [DP-29]  [1976]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 4. Soil science  [DP-30]  [1976]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 5. Soil science  [DP-31]  [1976]  PDF    
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 6. Agronomy  [DP-32]  [1976]  PDF    
Acidification of volcanic ash soils from Maui and Hawai‘i Island for blueberry and tea production  [AS-5]  [2011]  PDF    
Adequate nutrient levels in soils and plants in Hawaii (general guide)  [AS-3]  [1997]  PDF    
Amorphous coatings on soil mineral surfaces sorb phosphate and sulfate  [IC-15]  [1978]  PDF    
Arbuscular mycorrhizas -- producing and applying arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum    [2001]  PDF     For sale
Average composition of some fertilizer materials containing the primary (major) plant nutrients  [GHGS-13]  [1980]  PDF    
Average composition of some fertilizer materials containing the secondary (minor) plant nutrients and the micronutrients (trace elements)  [GHGS-14]  [1980]  PDF    
Average composition of some organic fertilizer materials  [GHGS-15]  [1980]  PDF    
Benefits and costs of using perennial peanut as living mulch for fruit trees in Hawaii  [SCM-27]  [2009]  PDF    
Best management practices to minimize nonpoint-source pollution in agriculture  [SCM-26]  [2009]  PDF    
Blossom-end rot of tomato in Hawaii  [PD-85]  [2012]  PDF    
Chemical studies of the efficiency of legumes as green manures in Hawaii  [B-43]  [1917]  PDF    
Collecting plant disease and insect pest samples for problem diagnosis  [SCM-14]  [2006]  PDF    
Commercial vegetable production in Hawaii  [EB-16]  [1932]  PDF    
Cover crops for orchards in Hawaii  [RES-094]  [1988]  PDF    
Crop quality control through soil management techniques: manipulation of nitrogen and water to ripen sugarcane  [IC-005]  [1973]  PDF    
Crop-logging of sugar cane: the standard nitrogen index and the normal nitrogen index  [TB-35]  [1957]  PDF    
Diseases of taro in Hawaii and their control; with notes on field production  [C2-18]  [1941]  PDF    
Effects of nutritional factors on chemical and soil microbiostasis  [RS-012]  [1982]  PDF    
Erosion behavior and control on a stripmined latosolic soil  [TB-46]  [1961]  PDF    
Expert systems in agriculture: determining lime recommendations for soils of the humid tropics  [RES-089]  [1988]  PDF    
Factors affecting the growth and yield of coffee in Kona, Hawaii  [B-113]  [1958]  PDF    
Fertilization of avocado trees  [CFS-AVO-3B]  [1988]  PDF    
Field cucumber production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-151]  [1994]  PDF    
Field tomato production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-141]  [1993]  PDF    
Germinating tea seeds (Camellia sinensis)  [SCM-17]  [2007]  PDF    
Green manuring—renewed interest in an old concept  [IC-25]  [1981]  PDF    
Growing plants without soil  [C1-440]  [1970]  PDF    
Growth response curves--The "Law of Diminishing Returns."  [IC-002]  [1971]  PDF    
Hawaii watercress production  [RES-088]  [1987]  PDF    
How to cultivate indigenous microorganisms  [BIO-9]  [2008]  PDF    
Hydroponics  [GHGS-35]  [1982]  PDF    
Impacts of organic inputs on taro production and returns  [SCM-3]  [2001]  PDF    
Improved stiff-strawed rice varieties utilize nitrogen more effectively than traditional varieties  [IC-013]  [1978]  PDF    
In-ground procedure for rooting tea cuttings  [SCM-23]  [2008]  PDF    
Irrigation systems and nutrient sources for fertigation  [SCM-25]  [2009]  PDF    
Leguminous crops for Hawaii  [B-23]  [1911]  PDF    
Lettuce production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-164]  [1996]  PDF    
Liming acid soils of Hawaii  [AS-1]  [1997]  PDF    
Liming in the tropics: comparative response of tropical and temperate legumes  [IC-009]  [1978]  PDF    
Liming in the Tropics: variable-charge soils may be highly buffered  [IC-24]  [1981]  PDF    
Low soil temperatures depress root activity in the tropics  [IC-06]  [1973]  PDF    
Managing manganese toxicity in former sugarcane soils on Oahu  [SCM-1]  [1998]  PDF    
Manual on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus production and inoculation techniques  [SCM-5]  [2003]  PDF    
Mapping soil fertility and fertilizer requirements  [IC-23]  [1980]  PDF    
Matching crop requirements to land characteristics  [IC-20]  [1980]  PDF    
Maximizing yields of corn for silage and bioethanol in Hawaii by increasing plant density  [SCM-28]  [2009]  PDF    
Molybdenum deficiency inhibits nitrogen fixation by legumes  [IC-012]  [1978]  PDF    
Mycorrhizae enhance nutrient uptake from infertile soils  [IC-21]  [1980]  PDF    
Nitrogen and potassium interact to shape a yield response surface  [IC-19]  [1980]  PDF    
Nitrogen application promotes root proliferation and vegetative growth in corn  [IC-07]  [1977]  PDF    
Nitrogen Cycling in Flooded Taro Agriculture  [SCM-31]  [2013]  PDF    
Nitrogen mineralization potential in important agricultural soils of Hawaii  [SCM-15]  [2006]  PDF    
No ka hooulu ana i ke kalo  [No ka hooulu]  [1911]  PDF    
Nutrient deficiencies and excesses in taro  [SCM-4]  [2002]  PDF    
Obtaining Seeds and Plants for Conservation  [SCM-13]  [2008]  PDF    
Organic farming in Hawaii (special issue of Vegetable Crops Update newsletter)  [VCU_4_99]  [1999]  PDF    
Phosphorus fertilizer management for head cabbage  [SCM-16]  [2006]  PDF    
Phosphorus fertilizer management for romaine lettuce grown in fertile volcanic ash soils of Hawai‘i  [SCM-19]  [2007]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils -- approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture    [2000]  PDF     For sale
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 1 of 18: Introduction  [pnm0]  [2000]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 10 of 18: Predicting soil phosphorus requirements  [pnm9]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 11 of 18: Soil acidity and liming  [pnm10]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 12 of 18: Plant tolerance of low soil pH, soil aluminum, and soil manganese  [pnm11]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 13 of 18: Inorganic fertilizer materials  [pnm12]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 14 of 18: Biological nitrogen fixation: nature’s partnership for sustainable agricultural production  [pnm13]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 15 of 18: Mycorrhizal fungi and plant nutrition  [pnm14]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 16 of 18: Organic soil amendments for sustainable agriculture: organic sources of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium  [pnm15]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 17 of 18: Plant-parasitic nematodes and their management  [pnm16]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 18 of 18: Soil and water salinity  [pnm17]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 2 of 18: Managing fertilizer nutrients to protect the environment and human health  [pnm1]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 3 of 18: Sampling and analysis of soils and plant tissues  [pnm2]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 4 of 18: Essential nutrients for plant growth: nutrient functions and deficiency symptoms  [pnm3]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 5 of 18: Recommended plant tissue nutrient levels for some vegetable, fruit, and ornamental foliage and flowering plants in Hawaii  [pnm4]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 6 of 18: Use of information from soil surveys and classification  [pnm5]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 7 of 18: How fertilizer recommendations are made  [pnm6]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 8 of 18: Interpreting soil nutrient analysis data: definition of "low," "sufficient," and "high" nutrient levels  [pnm7]  [2009]  PDF    
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 9 of 18: Collection of calibration data for interpreting soil and plant tissue analyses  [pnm8]  [2009]  PDF    
Predicting phosphorus requirements of some Hawaii soils  [AS-2]  [1997]  PDF    
Premature leaf senescence of banana—a symptom of potassium exhaustion  [IC-18]  [1980]  PDF    
Producing bacterial wilt-free ginger in greenhouse culture  [SCM-8]  [2004]  PDF    
Protecting crops from nematode pests: using marigold as an alternative to chemical nematicides  [PD-35]  [2007]  PDF    
Residual efficiency of fertilizer phosphorus: field evaluation  [IC-011]  [1978]  PDF    
Rice soils of Hawaii: their fertilization and management  [B-31]  [1914]  PDF    
Salinity effects in nursery and landscape plants  [SCM-12]  [2005]  PDF    
Saving Seed  [SCM-32]  [2014]  PDF    
Simulation of best management practices for soybean production in Hawaii  [SCM-2]  [1998]  PDF    
Soil erosion by water in the tropics  [RES-024]  [1982]  PDF    
Soil orders in Hawaii  [soils_poster_3]  [2010]  PDF    
Soil properties and root distribution determine water availability to crops  [IC-14]  [1978]  PDF    
Soil reaction (pH)  [GHGS-08]  [1980]  PDF    
Soils of Hawaii  [SCM-20]  [2007]  PDF    
Soils of the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Hawaii: soil survey, laboratory data, and soil descriptions  [RES-022]  [1985]  PDF    
Solarization and cover cropping as alternatives to soil fumigants for nematode management in Hawaii’s pineapple fields  [SCM-29]  [2010]  PDF    
Sorbed phosphate and the standard phosphorus requirement  [IC-010]  [1978]  PDF    
Summary of production and handling recommendations for selected foliage plants  [SCM-7]  [2004]  PDF    
Survey of the physical features that affect the agriculture of the Kona district of Hawaii  [B-66]  [1932]  PDF    
Sweetpotato production guides for Hawaii  [RES-146]  [1994]  PDF    
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by legumes requires extra phosphorus  [IC-17]  [1980]  PDF    
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--influence of nutrient mobility on iron deficiency  [IC-003]  [1971]  PDF    
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--multiple deficiencies and "The Law of the Minimum."  [IC-001]  [1971]  PDF    
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--visual symptoms and incipient malnutrition  [IC-04]  [1972]  PDF    
Symptoms of plant malnutrition: silicon, an agronomically essential nutrient for sugarcane  [IC-008]  [1978]  PDF    
Taro: Mauka to makai    [1997]  PDF     For sale
Testing for soil nitrogen and phosphorous for environmental pollution monitoring  [SCM-6]  [2004]  PDF    
Testing your soil: why and how to take a soil-test sample  [SCM-9]  [2004]  PDF    
The acid lime fruit in Hawaii  [B-49]  [1923]  PDF    
The basics of biochar : a natural soil amendment  [SCM-30]  [2010]  PDF    
The biochemical decomposition of nitrogenous substances in soils  [B-39]  [1915]  PDF    
The composition of fertilizer materials  [GHGS-12]  [1980]  PDF    
The cultivation of sisal in Hawaii  [B-4]  [1903]  PDF    
The external phosphorus requirements of plants  [IC-16]  [1980]  PDF    
The function and distribution of manganese in plants and soils  [B-26]  [1912]  PDF    
The impact of sunn hemp cover cropping on belowground organisms and nutrient status associated with a cucumber agroecosystem  [SCM-21]  [2007]  PDF    
The management of pineapple soils  [PB-029]  [1911]  PDF    
The pH preference of plants  [GHGS-18]  [1976]  PDF    
The pigeon pea (Cajanus indicus) its improvement, culture and utilization in Hawaii  [B-64]  [1932]  PDF    
The pigeon pea (Cajanus indicus): its culture and utilization in Hawaii  [B-46]  [1921]  PDF    
The Use of Human Wastes on Food Crops in Hawaii: What Is Allowed and What Is Not  [FST-60]  [2014]  PDF    
The vanadium content of Hawaiian Island soils  [TB-45]  [1961]  PDF    
Treatment for control of soil organisms  [GHGS-28]  [1981]  PDF    
Trees and shrubs for windbreaks in Hawaii (revised 2012)  [C1-447]  [1982]  PDF    
Use of chemical amendments to improve chemical properties of soil  [GHGS-17]  [1980]  PDF    
Use of filter strips for improved surface water quality  [SCM-24]  [2009]  PDF    
Use of living and dying mulches as barriers to protect zucchini from insect-caused viruses and phytotoxemias  [PD-36]  [2008]  PDF    
Use of soil amendments in landscape plantings  [SCM-11]  [2005]  PDF    
Use of soil amendments to improve physical properties of soil  [GHGS-22]  [1980]  PDF    
Using clovers as living mulches to boost yields, suppress pests, and augment spiders in a broccoli agroecosystem  [IP-27]  [2007]  PDF    
Using protector plants to guard crops from aphid-borne non-persistent viruses  [SCM-18]  [2007]  PDF    
Vegetation zones of Hawaii  [B-089]  [1942]  PDF    
Visual symptoms of plant nutrient deficiencies in nursery and landscape plants  [SCM-10]  [2005]  PDF    
Water and salts move together in the soil profile  [iC-22]  [1980]  PDF