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Soil and Crop Management

Please Note: The CTAHR publications database reflects over a century of study by researchers and extension agents in the College. Much of the information contained in earlier publications is still of practical and technical use, and the documents are an unparalleled resource for Hawai'i agricultural and horticultural history. However, some publications also make recommendations that are no longer in accordance with more recent advances in understanding. For instance, they may specify pesticides or methods of using them that are no longer allowable under current State or federal regulations. Before using any pesticide, always read its label for approved uses, and follow label directions for application. Other publications may advocate the use of particular plant species that are now considered invasive. The Invasive Species Council is continually making assessments on this matter; see their Web site at http://www.hawaiiinvasivespecies.org for the latest recommendations on identification and control of these species.

'Tropic Sun' sunn hemp; Crotalaria juncea L.  [RES-036]  [1983]     
‘Tropic Lalo’ paspalum: Paspalum hieronymii Hack  [RES-046]  [1984]     
A simple evapotranspiration model for Hawaii: the Hargreaves model  [EN-106]  [1997]     
Absorption of fertilizer salts by Hawaiian soils  [B-35]  [1914]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 1. Crop science  [DP-27]  [1976]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 2. Crop science  [DP-28]  [1976]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 3. Soil science  [DP-29]  [1976]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 4. Soil science  [DP-30]  [1976]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 5. Soil science  [DP-31]  [1976]     
Abstracts of publications and research, Department of Agronomy and Soil Science, College of Tropical Agriculture, 1960-1974; 6. Agronomy  [DP-32]  [1976]     
Acidification of volcanic ash soils from Maui and Hawai‘i Island for blueberry and tea production  [AS-5]  [2011]     
Adequate nutrient levels in soils and plants in Hawaii (general guide)  [AS-3]  [1997]     
Amorphous coatings on soil mineral surfaces sorb phosphate and sulfate  [IC-15]  [1978]     
Arbuscular mycorrhizas -- producing and applying arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculum    [2001]      For sale
Average composition of some fertilizer materials containing the primary (major) plant nutrients  [GHGS-13]  [1980]     
Average composition of some fertilizer materials containing the secondary (minor) plant nutrients and the micronutrients (trace elements)  [GHGS-14]  [1980]     
Average composition of some organic fertilizer materials  [GHGS-15]  [1980]     
Benefits and costs of using perennial peanut as living mulch for fruit trees in Hawaii  [SCM-27]  [2009]     
Best management practices to minimize nonpoint-source pollution in agriculture  [SCM-26]  [2009]     
Blossom-end rot of tomato in Hawaii  [PD-85]  [2012]     
Chemical studies of the efficiency of legumes as green manures in Hawaii  [B-43]  [1917]     
Collecting plant disease and insect pest samples for problem diagnosis  [SCM-14]  [2006]     
Commercial vegetable production in Hawaii  [EB-16]  [1932]     
Cover crops for orchards in Hawaii  [RES-094]  [1988]     
Crop quality control through soil management techniques: manipulation of nitrogen and water to ripen sugarcane  [IC-005]  [1973]     
Crop-logging of sugar cane: the standard nitrogen index and the normal nitrogen index  [TB-35]  [1957]     
Diseases of taro in Hawaii and their control; with notes on field production  [C2-18]  [1941]     
Effects of nutritional factors on chemical and soil microbiostasis  [RS-012]  [1982]     
Erosion behavior and control on a stripmined latosolic soil  [TB-46]  [1961]     
Expert systems in agriculture: determining lime recommendations for soils of the humid tropics  [RES-089]  [1988]     
Factors affecting the growth and yield of coffee in Kona, Hawaii  [B-113]  [1958]     
Fertilization of avocado trees  [CFS-AVO-3B]  [1988]     
Field cucumber production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-151]  [1994]     
Field tomato production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-141]  [1993]     
Germinating tea seeds (Camellia sinensis)  [SCM-17]  [2007]     
Green manuring—renewed interest in an old concept  [IC-25]  [1981]     
Growing plants without soil  [C1-440]  [1970]     
Growth response curves--The "Law of Diminishing Returns."  [IC-002]  [1971]     
Hawaii watercress production  [RES-088]  [1987]     
How to cultivate indigenous microorganisms  [BIO-9]  [2008]     
Hydroponics  [GHGS-35]  [1982]     
Impacts of organic inputs on taro production and returns  [SCM-3]  [2001]     
Improved stiff-strawed rice varieties utilize nitrogen more effectively than traditional varieties  [IC-013]  [1978]     
In-ground procedure for rooting tea cuttings  [SCM-23]  [2008]     
Irrigation systems and nutrient sources for fertigation  [SCM-25]  [2009]     
Leguminous crops for Hawaii  [B-23]  [1911]     
Lettuce production guidelines for Hawaii  [RES-164]  [1996]     
Liming acid soils of Hawaii  [AS-1]  [1997]     
Liming in the tropics: comparative response of tropical and temperate legumes  [IC-009]  [1978]     
Liming in the Tropics: variable-charge soils may be highly buffered  [IC-24]  [1981]     
Low soil temperatures depress root activity in the tropics  [IC-06]  [1973]     
Managing manganese toxicity in former sugarcane soils on Oahu  [SCM-1]  [1998]     
Manual on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus production and inoculation techniques  [SCM-5]  [2003]     
Mapping soil fertility and fertilizer requirements  [IC-23]  [1980]     
Matching crop requirements to land characteristics  [IC-20]  [1980]     
Maximizing yields of corn for silage and bioethanol in Hawaii by increasing plant density  [SCM-28]  [2009]     
Molybdenum deficiency inhibits nitrogen fixation by legumes  [IC-012]  [1978]     
Mycorrhizae enhance nutrient uptake from infertile soils  [IC-21]  [1980]     
Nitrogen and potassium interact to shape a yield response surface  [IC-19]  [1980]     
Nitrogen application promotes root proliferation and vegetative growth in corn  [IC-07]  [1977]     
Nitrogen Cycling in Flooded Taro Agriculture  [SCM-31]  [2013]     
Nitrogen mineralization potential in important agricultural soils of Hawaii  [SCM-15]  [2006]     
No ka hooulu ana i ke kalo  [No ka hooulu]  [1911]     
Nutrient deficiencies and excesses in taro  [SCM-4]  [2002]     
Obtaining Seeds and Plants for Conservation  [SCM-13]  [2008]     
Organic farming in Hawaii (special issue of Vegetable Crops Update newsletter)  [VCU_4_99]  [1999]     
Phosphorus fertilizer management for head cabbage  [SCM-16]  [2006]     
Phosphorus fertilizer management for romaine lettuce grown in fertile volcanic ash soils of Hawai‘i  [SCM-19]  [2007]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils -- approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture    [2000]      For sale
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 1 of 18: Introduction  [pnm0]  [2000]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 10 of 18: Predicting soil phosphorus requirements  [pnm9]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 11 of 18: Soil acidity and liming  [pnm10]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 12 of 18: Plant tolerance of low soil pH, soil aluminum, and soil manganese  [pnm11]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 13 of 18: Inorganic fertilizer materials  [pnm12]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 14 of 18: Biological nitrogen fixation: nature’s partnership for sustainable agricultural production  [pnm13]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 15 of 18: Mycorrhizal fungi and plant nutrition  [pnm14]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 16 of 18: Organic soil amendments for sustainable agriculture: organic sources of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium  [pnm15]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 17 of 18: Plant-parasitic nematodes and their management  [pnm16]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 18 of 18: Soil and water salinity  [pnm17]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 2 of 18: Managing fertilizer nutrients to protect the environment and human health  [pnm1]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 3 of 18: Sampling and analysis of soils and plant tissues  [pnm2]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 4 of 18: Essential nutrients for plant growth: nutrient functions and deficiency symptoms  [pnm3]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 5 of 18: Recommended plant tissue nutrient levels for some vegetable, fruit, and ornamental foliage and flowering plants in Hawaii  [pnm4]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 6 of 18: Use of information from soil surveys and classification  [pnm5]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 7 of 18: How fertilizer recommendations are made  [pnm6]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 8 of 18: Interpreting soil nutrient analysis data: definition of "low," "sufficient," and "high" nutrient levels  [pnm7]  [2009]     
Plant nutrient management in Hawaii's soils: Approaches for tropical and subtropical agriculture -- Part 9 of 18: Collection of calibration data for interpreting soil and plant tissue analyses  [pnm8]  [2009]     
Predicting phosphorus requirements of some Hawaii soils  [AS-2]  [1997]     
Premature leaf senescence of banana—a symptom of potassium exhaustion  [IC-18]  [1980]     
Producing bacterial wilt-free ginger in greenhouse culture  [SCM-8]  [2004]     
Protecting crops from nematode pests: using marigold as an alternative to chemical nematicides  [PD-35]  [2007]     
Residual efficiency of fertilizer phosphorus: field evaluation  [IC-011]  [1978]     
Rice soils of Hawaii: their fertilization and management  [B-31]  [1914]     
Salinity effects in nursery and landscape plants  [SCM-12]  [2005]     
Saving Seed  [SCM-32]  [2014]     
Simulation of best management practices for soybean production in Hawaii  [SCM-2]  [1998]     
Soil erosion by water in the tropics  [RES-024]  [1982]     
Soil orders in Hawaii  [soils_poster_3]  [2010]     
Soil properties and root distribution determine water availability to crops  [IC-14]  [1978]     
Soil reaction (pH)  [GHGS-08]  [1980]     
Soils of Hawaii  [SCM-20]  [2007]     
Soils of the Hawaii Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Hawaii: soil survey, laboratory data, and soil descriptions  [RES-022]  [1985]     
Solarization and cover cropping as alternatives to soil fumigants for nematode management in Hawaii’s pineapple fields  [SCM-29]  [2010]     
Sorbed phosphate and the standard phosphorus requirement  [IC-010]  [1978]     
Summary of production and handling recommendations for selected foliage plants  [SCM-7]  [2004]     
Survey of the physical features that affect the agriculture of the Kona district of Hawaii  [B-66]  [1932]     
Sweetpotato production guides for Hawaii  [RES-146]  [1994]     
Symbiotic nitrogen fixation by legumes requires extra phosphorus  [IC-17]  [1980]     
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--influence of nutrient mobility on iron deficiency  [IC-003]  [1971]     
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--multiple deficiencies and "The Law of the Minimum."  [IC-001]  [1971]     
Symptoms of plant malnutrition--visual symptoms and incipient malnutrition  [IC-04]  [1972]     
Symptoms of plant malnutrition: silicon, an agronomically essential nutrient for sugarcane  [IC-008]  [1978]     
Taro: Mauka to makai    [1997]      For sale
Testing for soil nitrogen and phosphorous for environmental pollution monitoring  [SCM-6]  [2004]     
Testing your soil: why and how to take a soil-test sample  [SCM-9]  [2004]     
The acid lime fruit in Hawaii  [B-49]  [1923]     
The basics of biochar : a natural soil amendment  [SCM-30]  [2010]     
The biochemical decomposition of nitrogenous substances in soils  [B-39]  [1915]     
The composition of fertilizer materials  [GHGS-12]  [1980]     
The cultivation of sisal in Hawaii  [B-4]  [1903]     
The external phosphorus requirements of plants  [IC-16]  [1980]     
The function and distribution of manganese in plants and soils  [B-26]  [1912]     
The impact of sunn hemp cover cropping on belowground organisms and nutrient status associated with a cucumber agroecosystem  [SCM-21]  [2007]     
The management of pineapple soils  [PB-029]  [1911]     
The pH preference of plants  [GHGS-18]  [1976]     
The pigeon pea (Cajanus indicus) its improvement, culture and utilization in Hawaii  [B-64]  [1932]     
The pigeon pea (Cajanus indicus): its culture and utilization in Hawaii  [B-46]  [1921]     
The Use of Human Wastes on Food Crops in Hawaii: What Is Allowed and What Is Not  [FST-60]  [2014]     
The vanadium content of Hawaiian Island soils  [TB-45]  [1961]     
Treatment for control of soil organisms  [GHGS-28]  [1981]     
Trees and shrubs for windbreaks in Hawaii (revised 2012)  [C1-447]  [1982]     
Use of chemical amendments to improve chemical properties of soil  [GHGS-17]  [1980]     
Use of filter strips for improved surface water quality  [SCM-24]  [2009]     
Use of living and dying mulches as barriers to protect zucchini from insect-caused viruses and phytotoxemias  [PD-36]  [2008]     
Use of soil amendments in landscape plantings  [SCM-11]  [2005]     
Use of soil amendments to improve physical properties of soil  [GHGS-22]  [1980]     
Using clovers as living mulches to boost yields, suppress pests, and augment spiders in a broccoli agroecosystem  [IP-27]  [2007]     
Using protector plants to guard crops from aphid-borne non-persistent viruses  [SCM-18]  [2007]     
Vegetation zones of Hawaii  [B-089]  [1942]     
Visual symptoms of plant nutrient deficiencies in nursery and landscape plants  [SCM-10]  [2005]     
Water and salts move together in the soil profile  [iC-22]  [1980]