The Food Provider ~ March | April | May 2014
In This Issue
- Featured Farmer: Koa Chang, Aliʻi Kula Lavender Farm
- HOT TIP from Aliʻi Kula Lavender Farm
- Sustainable & Organic Research & Outreach News
- Citizen Science Opportunities
- Publications and Programs
- From the Agribusiness Incubator
- Organic Update
- For New Farmers
- Workshops | Conferences | Meetings
- FMI / FYI
- Videos & Webinars
- Funding Opportunities
- Westerm SARE
Aloha Kākou, welcome to the Spring 2014 issue of HānaiʻAi, the sustainable agriculture newsletter of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. The mission of HānaiʻAi is to provide a venue for dissemination of science-based information to serve all of Hawaii's farming community in our quest for agricultural sustainability.
It takes a community to make agriculture thrive. From crowd sourcing to seeking community involvement in submitting digital pictures to safeguard the Kamehameha butterfly...Yes, you can make an impact in safeguarding and expanding Hawaii's valuable agriculture industry. In this issue we highlight the ways community can support local agriculture.
Our featured farm, Ali'i Kula Lavender, has been a leader and innovator in agritourism, actively engaging visitors and kama'aina alike. In this issue we also feature great research on plant and soil health by CTAHR research and extension personnel. Make sure to visit the "back pages" of the newsletter as well, which features Publications & Programs, upcoming Workshops, Conferences and Meetings, and the Organic Update. Stay up to date with our weekly SOAP activities via our twitter feed at: https://twitter.com/SOAPHawaii
We need your help! Limited resources are pushing CTAHR to be more creative in how it goes about funding it's much needed educational and research programs that benefits everyone from kama'aina to commercial agriculturalists and conservationalists. That’s why we have put up a campaign on the crowdfunding site Indiegogo to raise money so they can raise the roof! And now they need supporters in CTAHR to raise some buzz about the campaign. Know anyone who wants to donate (even a few dollars) to a worthy cause? Point them in the direction of Waimanalo! There’s a little more than a month left on the campaign, plenty of time to get some shelter on the pavilion.
Area under production: 13.5 acres, at 4,000 ft. elevation
Years farming in Hawaiʻi: 11 years
Crops grown, products/services: Lavender (Approximately 55,000 plant and 45 varieties) as the main crop, and recently, started to increase diversity on the farm to include: citrus trees, apple, plus about 10 more native plants, such as ōʻhia lehua, hibiscus, cane, taro.
Fertility Management: The farm depends on mixed management fertility, it depends on each batch/location of the farm needs and growth stage. In the recent years, the farm has been relying more on organic fertilizers and recycling (composting using Bokashi) and producing our own vermicompost.
Pest management: Mainly neem-based pesticides to control pests and it's been working very well for the plants.
Utilize value-addition, agritourism and species diversity to improve revenue stability for your operation.
Mahalo nui loa to Koa Chang for this interview and photos.
Ti Leaf Diseases in Hawaii’s Commercial Orchards
M. Kawate, J. Uchida, J. Coughlin, M. Melzer, C. Kadooka, J. Kam, J. Sugano, and S. Fukuda, UH CTAHR PEPS
Ti leaf (Cordyline sp.) also known locally as Kī is an important agricultural crop to Hawaii. Laboratory and field trials which evaluated promising crop protection chemicals for possible minor crop fungicide registrations have been completed with the assistance of CTAHR’s IR-4 Minor Crop Pesticide Registration Program. Read here.
FMI: Michael K Kawate, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Soil Solarization as a non-chemical preemergent weed control tool on Oahu
Josiah Marquez, UH-CTAHR TPSS, and Koon-Hui Wang UH-CTAHR PEPS
Soil solarization is a non-chemical soil treatment that utilizes solar radiation and a thin film of transparent mulch to heat the soil for soil pasteurization. Soil solarization has been studied as an alternative to chemical soil fumigant and as a pre-emergent control for weed seeds in the ground. This article discusses certain challenges of using solarization in the humid tropics and methods to overcome these obstacles. Read here.
Rhizosphere Inoculum and Amendment
Koon-Hui Wang, CTAHR PEPS
The frequent use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides has lead to disruption of soil health, which often goes unnoticed. New generations of farmers are seeking profitable organic food crop production. Prohibitively high costs of organic fertilizers in Hawaii are providing incentive for farmers to utilize beneficial microorganisms to improve plant health. Many organic farmers are well aware of the benefits of beneficial soil microorganisms for farming. This handout introduces several approaches to invigorate soil microbial activities in agroecosystems to manage root health for profitable fertility and some soil-born stress or disease management. View handout here.
FMI: Dr. Koon-Hui Wang, email: email@example.com
New Improvements on Coffee Berry Borer Management
Andrea Kawabata and Stuart T. Nakamoto
Coffee Berry Borer (CBB) has the ability to decimate a coffee crop if left unmanaged. Proper control involves using an integrated pest management (IPM) approach where field sanitation, monitoring, spraying and timely harvests are of utmost importance. Learn about some important and updated CBB recommendations and tips from the 2014 CBB IPM Summit. Read here.
FMI: Andrea Kawabata, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Producing High Nitrogen Liquid Fertilizer for Fertigation Purposes
Amjad A. Ahmad, Theodore J.K. Radovich, Nguyen V. Hue, and Alton Arakaki
Replacing imported fertilizers with local resources is the highest research and education priority identified by stakeholders throughout the Pacific. The production of locally derived nutrient solutions for fertigation will keep local farmers competitive, reduce water-use and loss, and protect the environment by reducing chemical use. The main objective of this study was to produce high nitrogen soluble fertilizer for fertigation purposes using local organic materials. The lab results showed that locally produced tankage is potentially good, extractable sources of nitrogen. Incubation time, temperature, covering, and addition of vermicompost enhanced nitrogen release. Read here.
FMI: Amjad Ahmad, email: email@example.com
Performance of cool season cover crop in Lalamilo, Waimea, HI, Winter 2013-2014
Archana Pant, Theodore J.K. Radovich, Koon Hui Wang, N.V. Hue, Marla Fergestrom, Randall Hamasaki, Matthew Wung, Cynthia Stiles and Chris Robb
Cover crops are the backbone of sustainable cropping systems as they can prevent soil erosion, reduce nutrient leaching, add organic matter, improve soil health, fix nitrogen, suppress weeds and reduce insect pests and diseases. This project focused on evaluating performance of different species of cool season cover crops at high elevation growing condition in Hawaii. Read here.
FMI: Archana Pant, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Honeybee diet: individual forager decisions and colony health correlates
Ethel Villalobos and Zhening Zhang
The effect of malnutrition on the health of social bees has been the focus of many recent studies. The UH Honeybee Project has begun to look at what plants bees are utilizing in Hawaii by sampling the pollen being brought to the hive by the bees themselves. Read here.
FMI: Ethel Villalobos, email: email@example.com
Citizen Scientists can help CTAHR Researchers Scot Nelson and Richard Manshardt "Pic-a-Papaya" by helping us survey papaya plant populations in the Honolulu area for papaya ringspot disease (PRSV) and for plants with genetically engineered resistance to PRSV.
Download and use the free Pic-a-Papaya app for smartphones to snap pics of papaya plants and send them to Drs. Nelson and Manshardt for diagnosis of PRSV. Each plant will be assessed a value of healthy or diseased and its GPS coordinates mapped to a location in Hawaii. Users of the app can view the map to see the distribution of infected plants
- Learn more at: http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/pic-a-papaya/
Cucurbits are members of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae) which includes popular crops such as cucumber, pumpkin, squash, melon and watermelon. Our lab needs to collect diseased samples from across the state of Hawaii to advance our research on this disease. This article explains downy mildew symptoms (plus photos) and gives instructions on how to participate in this research should you suspect downy mildew on your curcubits. Read more here.
The Kamehameha butterfly (Vanessa tameamea) is endemic to Hawaiʻi, meaning it is found nowhere else in the world. Although the butterfly is historically known from all the main Hawaiian Islands, it is no longer found in some areas where it used to be common (e.g. Tantalus on Oʻahu), and it appears to be declining. The Pulelehua Project is an effort to map current populations of the Kamehameha butterfly using observations submitted by the public, combined with surveys of remote areas by scientists.
We need your help! We are calling upon anyone who sees a Kamehameha butterfly, caterpillar, egg, or chrysalis to submit their photos and observations. Your data will be used to map the current distribution of the Kamehameha butterfly, and help determine how and why it has declined. You can also use this site to learn more about how to find and identify the different life stages and host plants of the Kamehameha butterfly.
- Learn more at The Pulelehua Project website.
NEW from CTAHR
Expanding Tree Diversity in Hawai'i’s Landscapes:
- Aalii, Kumakani; Dodonaea viscosa
- Alahee, Psydrax odorata
- Beach Heliotrope, Tournefortia argentea
- Colville’s Glory, Colvillea racemosa
- Fern Pine, Afrocarpus gracilior
- Hispaniolan Rosy Trumpet Tree, Tabebuia berteroi
- Hong Kong Orchid Tree, Bauhinia blakeana
- Lignum Vitae, Guaiacum officinale
- Lonomea, Hawaiian Soapberry, Sapindus oahuensis
- Naio, Bastard Sandalwood, Myoporum sandwicense
- Nau, Nanu; Forest Gardenia; Gardenia brighamii
- Pride-of-Bolivia, Rosewood, Tipuana tipu
- Shaving-Brush Tree, Pseudobombax ellipticum
Biotech in Focus (from the Biotechnology Outreach Program, CTAHR)
On-Farm Renewable Energy and Sustainable Local Food Production: A Case Study (from the Center on the Family, CTAHR)
Business Structure and Registration:
Determine the form of ownership that best suits your business venture
Many factors must be considered when choosing the best form of business ownership or structure. The choice you make can have an impact on multiple aspects of your business, including taxes, liability, ownership succession, and others. This document is an overview of the various forms of business ownership including sole proprietorship, partnering, corporations, and limited liability companies. It includes excerpts from the Small Business Administration (SBA) Program Office guide on business structure. Read here.
FMI: Steve Chiang, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
At the behest of leading members of Hawai‘i’s organic industry, The Kohala Center applied for USDA Specialty Crops Block Development Grant funding, through the Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture, to conduct a Hawai‘i Organic Industry Analysis and generate a final report. The objective of the proposed project was to (1) conduct a needs assessment and study by soliciting stakeholder input and synthesizing of archival data, and (2) recommend ways to implement an economically self-sustaining organic program. The final report may be found here.
With a grant from Maui County Office of Economic Development, the Hawaii Farmers Union United (HFUU)-Maui Chapter launches it's On-Farm Mentoring Project with a Pau Hana at UH-Maui College. Featuring: HFUU-Maui Chapter President, Bill Greenleaf and Hawaii Farmers Union United (HFUU) President, Vincent Mina, Alika Atay, and Richard Apana (3 Certified Instructors in Korean Natural Farming)
- Monday, April 28th 5:30-8:30
- UH-Maui Community College, Pilina Bldg. Multi-Purpose Room
- FMI contact Phyllis Robinson, HFUU-Maui Chapter Board Member (808) 647-4066.
- May 2-3, 2014
- Fairmont Orchid, 1 North Kaniku Drive Waimea, HI 96743
- May 3, 2014, 9:00 am to 12:00 pm, Kauai Agricultural Research Center, Wailua, Kauai
- Featuring Louisa Wooton of Kauai Kunana Dairy
- Registration fee $5 and space is limited
- To register contact Matt Stevenson at 808-274-3472. Be sure to leave a message with your name and contact information if there is no answer.
Online registration is now available for a weeklong series of educational events for school garden educators, teachers, and others passionate about improving student wellness, cognitive development, and engaging deeper learning. Taking place June 7–12 in Waimea on Hawai‘i Island, the four professional development events focus on the effectiveness of school gardens as an instructional strategy for both nutritional education and hands-on learning in core subject areas. Read here.
- September 12-14 on Maui and continues September 15-19 with day-long mini sessions in Molokai, Oahu, Kauai, Hilo and Kona.
- Registration forms and fee schedule will be available in April at www.htfg.org or by contacting Love at email@example.com or Mark Suiso at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Save the Dates: Oct. 24, 25, and 26, 2014, Maui
- Check for updates at our conference webpage.
by Alan Titchenal & Joannie Dobbs
(Honolulu Star Advertiser article 4/08/2014)
- NRCS EQUIP funds to establish pollinator habitat
- Fireweed toxins in pollen and honey
- Maui MG beekeeping classes
- VSH (Varroa Sensitive Hygiene) bees
- Pesticide Survey
FMI or to receive the quarterly newsletter, contact Dr. Danielle Downey, email: email@example.com
Calibrating a motorized back-pack mist sprayer properly is an important step in applying crop-protection chemicals to a targeted crop within the recommended label rate. This video covers a modified 1/128th method of calibrating a motorized back-pack mist sprayer, a fast, easy way to compute the gallon-per-acre rate (GPA).
Presentations (video and .pdf) now available.
- Complete List of Presentations
- General (Plenary) Session Presentations
- Soil Health Principles
- Innovative Ways to Seed Cover Crops
- Selecting Cover Crops
- Terminating Cover Crops for Maximum Benefits
- Integrating No-Till or Strip-Till with Cover Crops
- Cover Crops as Part of an Overall Nutrient Management System
- Environmental Impacts of Cover Crops
- Grazing Cover Crops and Benefits for Livestock Operations
The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), an agency under the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is announcing availability of Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) to stimulate the development and adoption of innovative conservation approaches and technologies. Applications will be accepted from the Pacific Islands Area including: Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Complete details regarding this announcement for CIG funding opportunity can be found on the following web sites:
- The Hawaii Department of Agriculture (HDOA), Agricultural Development Division will administer a competitive grant process to award approximately $300,000 in
federal funds for proposals in grant amounts ranging from $10,000 to $40,000 per project.
- Application Deadline: Friday, May 30, 2014.
- Contact: Sharon Hurd, Agricultural Development Division, phone: (808) 973‐9465, Fax: (808) 973‐9590, E‐mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Read the press release here.
The 2015 Calls for Proposals have been posted!
View them all at: http://www.westernsare.org/Grants/Types-of-Grants
Utah State University and the Western Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program (SARE) are proud to announce the selection of Read more here.
Since 1988, the WSARE program has been supporting agricultural profitability, environmental integrity and community strength through grants that enable cutting-edge research and education to open windows on sustainability across the West, including Hawai'i. The goals of WSARE are:
- Promote good stewardship of our natural resources.
- Enhance the quality of life of farmers and ranchers and ensure the viability of rural communities.
- Protect the health and safety of those involved in food and farm systems.
- Promote crop, livestock and enterprise diversification.
- Examine the regional, economic, social and environmental implications of adopting sustainable agriculture practices and systems.
This e-publication has been prepared by CTAHR research scientists and extension staff to deliver science-based information about sustainable and organic production systems to serve Hawaii's farming community.
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Mahalo nui loa,