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title
Some Worldwide Names for Morinda citrifolia L.

A list of vernacular names for Morinda citrifolia, the country of origin, and literature reference

 Vernacular Name

 

 Country

 Reference

ach

India

Anonymous 1962; Benthall 1946; Chopra et al. 1958

awl tree

Australia

Audas 1952?

India

Simmonds 1854

Java

Ochse and Bakhuien van den Brink, Jr. 1931

Malaya and Polynesia

Sturtevant 1919

ba ji tian

China

Porcher 1995-2020

baga

Dominican Republic

Pierre-Noel 1971

bangkoro

Philipines

Brown 1946

bankoro

Philipines

Quisumbing 1951

bankudo

“Pacific world”

Merrill 1945

bengkudu

Malay

Porcher 1995-2020

Bengkudu daun besar

Malay

Porcher 1995-2020

Bengkudu laki-laki

Malay

Porcher 1995-2020

bilimbi

French West Indies

Honychurch 1986

boi doleur

Haiti

Pierre-Noel 1971

bumbo

Africa

Altschul 1973

bungbo

Africa

Altschul 1973

buñuela

Dominican Republic

Pierre-Noel 1971

canary wood

Australia

Audas 1952?; Maiden 1889

cheesefruit

Australia

Peerzada et al. 1990

coca

Dominican Republic

Pierre-Noel 1971

doleur

Haiti

Little and Wadsworth 1964; Pierre-Noel 1971

dye tree

Hawaii ( USA)

numerous

feuille douleur

Haiti

Pierre-Noel 1971

feuille froide

Dominica

Nicolson 1991

forbidden fruit

Barbados

Gooding et al. 1965

fromagier

Haiti

Pierre-Noel 1971

gardenia hedionda

Puerto Rico

Little and Wadsworth 1964; Pierre-Noel 1971

gogu atoni

Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tonga

Valentine 1999

grand morinda

Vietnam

Petelot 1954

great morinda

Australia

Cribb and Cribb 1975

Malaya

Corner 1952

hai ba ji

Singapore

Porcher 1995-2020

headache tree

St. Croix

Millspaugh 1902

hog apple

Cayman Islands

Proctor 1984

Jamaica

Adams 1972

huevo de reuma

Dominican Republic

Pierre-Noel 1971

i

Kosrae

Nelson 2005

Indian mulberry

Australia

Maiden 1889

Florida

Morton 1981a

Guam

Safford 1905

Hawaii

Merlin 1977

India

Benthall 1946; Drury 1873

Java

Ochse and Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1931

Puerto Rico

Little and Wadsworth 1964

kesengel

Palau

Valentine 1999

kura

Fiji

Parham 1943; Safford 1905

lada

Guam

Safford 1905; Stone 1970

ladda

Guam

Safford 1905

large-leaved Morinda

Hawaii

Porcher 1995-2020

Leichhardt’s tree

Australia

Maiden 1889

lel

Palau

Valentine 1999

limburger tree

Florida

Morton 1981b

luo ling

Singapore and Taiwan

Porcher 1995-2020

maddhi chettu

Telugu

Porcher 1995-2020

mangalweg

Yap

Nelson, 2005

mengkoedoe

Surinam

Ostendorf 1962; Stahel 1942

mengkudu

Malaya

Burkhill 1935

menkudi besar

Malaya

Corner 1952

menkudu besar

Malaya

Corner 1952

mirier de Java

Seychelles

Baker 1877

molagha

Telugu

Porcher 1995-2020

mona

Tahiti

Smith 1882

monii

Tahiti

Smith 1882

mora de la India

Cuba

Roig y Mesa 1945

morinda

Australia

Webb 1948

Puerto Rico

Little and Wadsworth 1964

Surinam

May 1982

Morinda citrifolia Linn

 

Linnaeus 1762

mulberry

Cayman Islands

Proctor 1984

India

Watt 1908

munja pavattay

Tamil

Porcher 1995-2020

nano

Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tonga

S. Nelson (unpublished)

nen

lagoon Chuukese, Marshall Islands

Valentine 1999

nenu

Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tonga

S. Nelson (unpublished)

ngel

Palau

Valentine 1999

nhau

Vietnam

Petelot 1953

nhau lon

Vietnam

Petelot 1954

nhau nui

Vietnam

Petelot 1953

nho

Laos

Petelot 1953

nhor prey

Cambodia

Petelot 1953

nhor thom

Cambodia

Petelot 1953

nigua

Dominican Republic

Little and Wadsworth 1964

nin

Marshall Islands

Valentine 1999

nino

Philippines

Binua and Bugaring 1982; Brown 1946; Safford 1905

Non

Kiribati

Nelson 2005

nona

Malaysia

Safford 1905

noni

Hawaii

Degener 1945

Polynesia

Massai and Barrau 1956; Merlin 1977

Puerto Rico

Pierre-Noel 1971

noni fruit

Samoa

Porcher 1995-2020

noni plant

Samoa

Porcher 1995-2020

nono

Tahiti , Raratonga

Brown 1935

nonu

Samoa

Safford 1905

Tonga Islands

Altschul 1973

nonu atoni

Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tonga

Valentine 1999

nony

Indonesia ?

Various internet webs sites

nopur

Chuuk

Nelson (unpublished)

nuna

southern India

Safford 1905

pacel

Indonesia

Porcher 1995-2020

pain bush

Trinidad and Tobago

Seaforth et al. 1983

pain killer

Dominica

Altschul 1973

Puerto Rico

Little and Wadsworth 1964

St. Croix, St. Thomas and other Virgin Islands

Eggers 1879; Millspaugh 1902

piña de puerco

Dominican Republic

Barker and Dardeau 1930; Pierre-Noel 1971

piñuela

Dominican Republic

Pierre-Noel 1971

pomme macaque

French West Indies

Honychurch 1986

rubarbe caraibe

French West Indies

Honychurch 1986

Guadeloupe

Pierre-Noel 1971

ruibarbo caribe

El Salvador

Guzman 1947

Guadeloupe

Little and Wadsworth 1964

togari wood

India

Watt 1908

ura

Rotuma

McClatchey 2002

urati

Solomon Islands

Safford 1905

weipwul

Pohnpei

Nelson 2005

wild pine

Barbados

Gooding et al. 1965

wu ning

Singapore

Porcher 1995-2020

yor ban

Thailand

Ponpangan and Poobrasert 1972

Table prepared by Scot C. Nelson, after Morton (1992). Additional names reported by Francis (2002), but geographic location not reported: Pomme de singe, Mouse’s pineapple, Yellow root, Jumbie breadfruit, Feyukke friudem rhubarbe caraibe

 

Literature Cited for Morinda citrifolia names

Adams, C. D . 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica. Univ. of West Indies, Mona, Jamaica.

Altschul, S. V. R. 1973. Drugs and foods from little-known plants. Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge, MA.

Anonymous. 1962. Wealth of India: raw materials. Vol. 6. Coun. Sci. & Indus. Res., Delhi, India.

Audas, J. W. 1952?. Native trees of Australia. Whitcombe & Tombs, Ltd., Melbourne, Australia.

Baker, J. G. 1877. Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles. L. Reeve & Co., Covent Garden, London.

Barker, H. D. , and W. S. Dardeau. 1930. Flore d’Haiti. Serv. Tech. du Dept. Agr. Et de l’Enseignment. Professionnel, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Benthall, A. P. 1946. Trees of Calcutta and its neighborhood. Thacker Spink & Co. (1933) Ltd., Calcutta, India

Binua, T. M., and J. A. Bugaring. 1982. Nino, an ugly tree of versatile utility. Camopy International 8(4):1.

Brown, F. B. H. 1935. Flora of southeastern Polynesia. III. Dicotyledons. Bull. 130. Bernice P. Bishop Mus., Honolulu, HI.

Brown, W. H. 1946. Useful plants of the Philippines. Vol. 3 (Tech. Bull. 10) Phil. Dept. Agr. & Comm., Manila.

Burkill, I. H. 1935. Dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.

Corner, E. J. H. 1952. Wayside trees of Malaya. Vols. 1 & 2. Gov’t Ptg. Off., Singapore.

Cribb, A. B., and J. W. Cribb. 1975. Wild foods in Australia. William Collins, Pub. Pty. Ltd., Sydney, Australia.

Degener, O. 1945. Plants of the Hawaii National Park illustrative of plants and customs of the South Seas. Author, New York Botanical Garden, Bronx Park, NY.

Drury, H. 1873. The useful plants of India. 2 nd ed. William H. Allen & Co., London.

Eggers, H. F. A. 1879. The flora of St. Croix and the Virgin Islands. Gov’t Printing Off., Washington, D.C.

Francis, J.K. (2003). Noni, Morinda citrifolia L. Rubiaceae. U.S. URL: http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/ Morinda%20citrifolia.pdf. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, International Institute of Tropical Forestry, Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.

Gooding, E. G. B., A. R. Loveless, and G. R. Proctor. 1965. Flora of Barbados. 7 th ed. Overseas Res. Pub. 7. Her Majesty’s Staty. Off., London.

Guzman, D. J. 1947. Especies útiles de la flora Salvadoreña. 2 nd ed. San Salvador, El Salvador, C. A.

Honychurch, P. N . 1986. Caribbean wild plants and their uses. Macmillan Publishers, Ltd., London.

Little, E. L., Jr., and F. H. Wadsworth. 1964. Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Agr. Hdbk. #249. United States Dept. Agr., For. Service, Washington, D. C.

Maiden, J. H. 1889. Useful native plants of Australia (and Tasmania). Technol. Museum of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.

Massai, E., and J. Barrau. 1956. Food plants of the South Sea Islands. Tech. Paper #94. So. Pac. Comm., Noumea, New Caledonia.

May, A. F. 1982. Surinaams Kruidenboek: Sranan oso dresi. De Walburg Pers, Zutphen, The Netherlands.

McClatchey, Will. 2002. Integrative Cancer Therapies. From Polynesian Healers to Health Food Stores: Changing Perspectives of Morinda citrifolia (Rubiaceae). 1(2); 2002 pp. 110-120.

Merlin, M. D. 1977. Hawaiian coastal plants and scenic shorelines. (2 nd ptg. 1980) Oriental Pub’g Co., Honolulu, HI.

Merrill, E. D. 1945. Plant life of the Pacific World. Macmillan Co., New York.

Millspaugh, C. F . 1902. Flora of the island of St. Croix. Pub. 68. Bot. Ser. Vol. 1, #2. Field Colombian Mus., Chicago, IL.

Morton, J. R. 1981a. Atlas of medicinal plants of Middle America. Chas. C Thomas, Pub., Springfield, IL.

Morton, J. R . 1981b . 500 plants of south Florida. 2 nd ed. Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami, FL.

Morton, J. (1992). The ocean-going noni, or Indian Mulberry (Morinda citrifolia, Rubiaceae) and some of its “colorful” relatives. Economic Botany 46: 241–256.

Nicolson, D. H. 1991. Flora of Dominica. Pt. 2: Dicotyledoneae. Smithsonian Inst. Press, Washington, D.C.

Nelson, Scot C. 2005. Morinda citrifolia. Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Version 1.2 http://agroforestry.net/tti/Morinda(noni).pdf (link active May 23 2005)

Ochse, J. J., and R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1931. Vegetables of the Dutch East Indies. Dept. Agr., Indus. & Comm. Of the Netherlands East Indies, Buitenzorg, Java.

Ostendorf, F. W. 1962. Nuttige planten en Sierplanten in Suriname. Bull. 79. Landbouwproefstation, Paramaribo, Suriname.

Parham, H. B. R. 1943. Fiji native plants with their medicinal and other uses. The Polynesian Soc., Wellington, New Zealand.

Peerzada, N., S. Renaud, and P. Ryan. 1990. Vitamin C and elemental composition of some bushfruits. J. Pl. Nutr. 13(7):787-793.

Petelot, A. 1953. Plantes medicinales du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam. #18. Centre de Rech. Sci. et Tech., Arch. Des Rech. Agron. Au Camb., au Laos et au Vietnam, Saigon.

Petelot, A. 1954. Plantes medicinales du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam. #22. Centre de Rech. Sci. et Tech., Arch. Des Rech. Agron. Au Camb., au Laos et au Vietnam, Saigon.

Pierre-Noel, A. V. 1971. Nomenclature polyglotte des plantes Haitiennes et tropicales. Presses Nationales d’Haiti, Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

Pongpangan, S., and S. Poobrasert. 1972. Edible and poisonous plants of Thai forests. Sci. Soc. Of Thailand, Bangkok.

Porcher Michel H. et al. 1995 - 2020, Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND). Most useful plants of the world in 60 languages and 18 scripts - A Work in Progress. Institute of Land and Food Resources, The University of Melbourne. Australia.

Proctor, G. R. 1984. Flora of the Cayman Islands. Royal Botanic Gard., Kew, England.

Quisumbing, E. 1951. Medicinal plants of the Philippines. Tech. Bull. 16. Philippine Dept. of Agr. & Nat. Res., Manila.

Roig y Mesa, J. T. 1945. Plantas medicinales, aromáticas o venenosas de Cuba. Cultural, S. A., Havana, Cuba.

Safford, W. E. 1905. Useful plants of the island of Guam. Contrib. U.S. Natl. Herb., Vol. 9. Smithsonian Inst., U.S. Natl. Mus., Washington, D.C.

Seaforth, C. E., C. D. Adams, and Y. Sylvester. 1983. A guide to the medicinal plants of Trinidad and Tobago. Rev’d. Commonwealth Secretariat, Marlborough House, London.

Simmonds, P. L. 1854. Commercial products of the vegetable kingdom. T. P. A. Day, London.

Smith, J. 1882. A dictionary of popular names of plants which furnish the natural and acquired wants of man, in all matters of domestic and general economy. Macmillan & Co., London.

Stahel, G. 1942. De nuttige planten van Suriname. Landbouwproefstation, Paramaribo, Suriname.

Stone, B. C . 1970. The flora of Guam. Micronesica Vol. 6, complete. 639 pp.

Sturtevant, E. L. 1919. Sturtevant’s notes on edible plants (edited by U. P. Hedrick). New York Agr. Exper. Sta., Geneva, NY.

Valentine, N. (1999) . A Preliminary Report on Non-timber Forest Products in Some Pacific Island Countries (with a case study on Morinda citrifolia). RAS/97/330, Working Paper No. 6. SPC/UNDP/AusAID/FAO Paci.c Islands Forests and Trees Support Programme, Suva, Fiji.

Watt, G. 1908. The commercial products of India. John Murray, London.

Webb, L. J. 1948. Guide to the medicinal and poisonous plants of Queensland. Bull. 232. Coun. For Sci. & Indus. Res., Melbourne, Aust.

 

 



Last Updated on December 7, 2006