The Food Provider ~ December 2014 | January | February 2015

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In This Issue


International Year of Soil

Aloha Kākou

Happy New Year! and welcome to the Winter 2014-2015 issue of HānaiʻAi, the sustainable agriculture newsletter of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

As we approach the end of the 2014-2015 Makahiki season, it's appropriate to reflect on past, present and future efforts to keep Hawai'i agriculture sustainable. Our Featured Farmer this issue, Island Foodscapes, is using an innovative business model to help our residents grow and eat more fresh local vegetables. Our CTAHR research updates range from efforts to identify virus tolerant tomato varieties to how to candle your eggs.

You will see some other exciting ideas relative to sustainable agriculture in this issue. Specific topics include soil health, post harvest handling of exotic fruit, cash flow and beginning farmer programs. Don't forget our Organic Updates, with special announcements and programs this issue directly relevant to Hawaiʻi certified organic growers, and our Workshop announcements including an invitation to join CTAHR & USDA NRCS as we celebrate soil health at our first field day of 2015, Wednesday, January 28, Waimānalo Research Station, 2:00 pm to 4:00 pm.

We hope you find this issue of HānaiʻAi useful, and welcome your input.

Featured Farmer: Justin Franzmeier
Wailupe Farms & Island Foodscaping, Waimānalo, Oʻahu

Foodscape at Waimanalo Health Center

Area under production: Our area of production includes a 4 acre farm as well as the countless homes, businesses and schools we have foodscaped.

Years farming in Hawaiʻi: We have been in business since 2010.

Production System: Our productive system lies with the task at hand. For example, if we are working with a school or business with a goal of growing food we look at the specific budget and operate within that budget and give them the best possible solution. We are also a local landscaping contracting company working with clients to produce unique landscapes or what we like to call “foodscapes.”

Read the full article here.

Hot Tip from Island Foodscaping

Justin Franzmeier Island Foodscaping

Island Foodscaping: http://islandfoodscaping.com/

Mahalo nui loa to Justin Franzmeier for this interview and photos.

Sustainable & Organic Research and Outreach News

Field screening of tomato varieties resistant to Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus and Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus in Hawaii

Tomato variety trial

Amber Tateno, Leyla Kaufman, Mark Wright, Jari Sugano, Ted Radovich, UH-CTAHR

Tomato production is one of the largest agriculture commodities within the Hawaiian Islands. Two detrimental plant viruses affecting locally grown tomatoes are Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus (TSWV) and Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus (TYLCV). Fifteen commercially available tomato varieties were chosen for their individual or dual resistance to TSWV and TYLCV, along with a susceptible control. Read here.

FMI: Leyla Kaufman, email: leyla@hawaii.edu or Amber Tateno, email: atateno@hawaii.edu

Interested in selling eggs?

bloody spot on egg

Lynn Nakamura-Tengan, UH-CTAHR

The desire for homegrown foods has inspired people to raise chickens for fresh eggs. Few producers have gone beyond home use and are selling their shell eggs. Depending on where you are selling your shell eggs, there are state rules you need to know. Read here.

FMI: Lynn Nakamura-Tengan, email: lynnnaka@hawaii.edu

Publications & Programs



Food Producing Landscapes

A series of new publications focusing on low-input and sustainable techniques for food producing landscapes in Hawai'i and other Pacific islands

Small scale livestock production in agroforestry landscapes

CRATE: Center for Rural Agricultural Training and Entrepreneurship


CRATE is a USDA NIFA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) funded grant for Small and Medium-Size Farm programs to develop sustainable agricultural practices that rely on efficient use of on-farm resources, integrate natural biological cycles and controls, to promote local community entrepreneurship in the tropical Pacific region.

In this column, the CRATE team will publish recent project activities that will help local farmers to explore competitive and economically viable organic crop production methods.

CRATE logoIntegrated Disease Management on Banana Orchards

Koon-Hui Wang, UH-CTAHR

Dr. K-H Wang

Banana production in Hawaii as well as many other islands in the Pacific is challenged by multiple pests and diseases. Among which, banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) transmitted by banana aphids, black sigatoka disease, and various plant-parasitic nematodes are most economically damaging. Updates on research conducted to manage BBTV and plant-parasitic nematodes are available. Read here.

FMI: Koon-Hui Wang, email: koon-hui@hawaii.edu

From the Agribusiness Incubator

AIP logo

Basic Bookkeeping: Tracking your money for compliance and business success

Bookkeeping is the recording of all financial transactions for a business. Keeping good financial records (“books”) is an essential part of sound business management and a requirement for success. Good financial records will provide you with information to make sound business decisions and are necessary to get financing and to pay taxes. Read here.

FMI: Steve Chiang, email: schiang@hawaii.edu

Organic Update

CTAHR summer class in organic ag

UH CTAHR is excited to announce a new 4-week, 3-credit class that will be offered in Summer 2015 at the Manoa campus on Oahu, with opportunity for additional farm tours on a neighbor island. Registration for the course will begin in early 2015 and is anticipated to fill quickly. Click here for more information and forward it to anyone who may be interested!

Contact Dr. Ted Radovich (theodore@hawaii.edu) for additional information.

For New Farmers

GoFarm Hawaii

UH’s GoFarm Hawai`i program is kicking off another round of beginning farmer training at all three locations with its AgCurious seminar. If you are interested in becoming a farmer in Hawaii you should attend this seminar. Hear about farming in Hawaii from real farmers, and about the program from students and organizers. The seminar is free and your first step to participating in the renowned GoFarm Hawai’i program.

2/10/15 (6:00-8:00pm), Kauai Community College, OCET bldg. Room 106 C/D.
RSVP to Kauai@gofarmhawaii.org

Windward Oʻahu
3/19/15 (5:30-8:00pm), Windward Community College, Hale `Akoakoa building, Rm 105.
RSVP to windward@gofarmhawaii.org

Leeward Oʻahu
3/26/15 (5:30-8:00pm), Leeward Community College, Room GT-105
RSVP to leeward@gofarmhawaii.org

The GoFarm Hawaii training is open to all adults, no college enrollment required. See www.gofarmhawaii.org for more information.

Molokai Native Hawaiian Beginning Farmer Program logo


Citizen Science: Basil Variety Trial

Basil trial conducted by LCC Hort 110 class

Dr. Daniela Elliott, Leeward Community College

A new initiative by Leeward Community College’s Plant Bioscience and Tropical Agriculture (PBT) degree program is providing horticulture students with the opportunity to conduct scientific research and work side-by-side with farmers, researchers and agricultural professionals. During the Fall 2014 semester, twenty students enrolled in Horticulture 110 completed a basil variety trial. Read here.

Workshops | Conferences | Meetings

Learn more about SOIL

In collaboration with program partners, USDA NRCS, CTAHR’s Centre of Rural Agricultural Training and Entrepreneurship (CRATE) and Sustainable and Organic Agriculture Program’s (SOAP) will host two educational field days showcasing the diversity and benefits of cover crops; no-till farming systems; cover crop calculations, locally available nutritional supplements; and so much more.

Please join CTAHR & USDA NRCS as we celebrate soil health at our first field day of 2015.


Lectures start at 2:00 pm in the classroom: Topics include: Introduction to soil health, Soil health indicators, Benefits of no till farming systems, Benefits of cover cropping, Development of a cover crop calculator for Hawaii.

Hands on demonstrations at 2:45 pm on the front lawn: Soil slaking test; assays for water runoff and water percolation properties with simulation rainfall, Bring your own soil for assessment, Compost tea brewing systems, Compost quality booth, Display of different types of cover crops, Tea-fertigation injection systems used in Waimanalo.


Outdoor power point presentations start at 9:30 am: Benefits of no-till farming – the power of soil food web, Soil slaking test; assays for water runoff and water percolation properties with simulation rainfall, Benefits of cover cropping, Potential cost savings with cover crop use, Development of a cover crop calculator for Hawaii.

Field observation, demonstrations, and video presentations: Comparing single vs. mixed cover crops in long-term no-till farming plots, Soil health indicators using nematodes, Leguminous cover crops in till vs. no-till farming systems, Symphony of the soil (video), The benefits of vermicomposting (video), Jeopardy game to reinforce cover crop identification.

For more information contact Jari Sugano (suganoj@ctahr.hawaii.edu) or Jensen Uyeda (juyeda@hawaii.edu).

Is AgriTourism Right for Your Farm?
How the Seal of Quality Program Ties in with AgriTourism
Introduction to Funding Sources: RFP to Writing a Proposal
Opportunities in AgriTourism and Other Services

Taught by Master Food Preserver Ken Love, executive director of HTFG and the Hawaii Master Food Preserver Program, the 64-hour training session is targeted to individuals looking to expand their knowledge of safe, home food preservation—plus learn the business side of selling syrups, preserves and sauces. Learn the steps for canning fruit and vegetables, plus pickling, fermenting and more. Participants must be able to commit to an eight-day training and volunteer at least 20 hours in a year. Graduates earn a master food preserver certificate from UH-Hilo.

Videos & Webinars

Free Online Series & "Virtual Field Days", presented by UC SAREP, FarmsReach and Sustainable Conservation as part of the ongoing Solution Center for Nutrient Management Series. The Soil Nutrient Management Series offers:

For updates and to participate, go to www.farmsreach.com/nutrient-mgmt-series. Join anytime!
To join the group, sign up in FarmsReach - it's free & takes minutes!



The Farm Foundation held a Soil and Water Resources Conservation Act (RCA) roundtable in Kunia recently to collect valuable input from farmers and ranchers in the islands. More than 40 producers and agency partners came together for a productive session on addressing conservation on our islands’ natural resources. Read here.

The Hawaii AgriTourism Association (HATA) is committed to developing economic opportunities & education for farmers, ranchers & flower nurseries through ag tourism. Your support directly resulted in HATA’s growth & sustainability with:

Support HATA by joining or renewing your membership! 
Join or Renew here: http://www.hiagtourism.org/?page_id=180

This publication offers an overview of the major federal conservation programs that provide resources for farmers and ranchers to enhance and maintain sustainable farming and ranching practices. https://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/summaries/summary.php?pub=280

VIVO, a Web application used internally by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists since 2012 to allow better national networking across disciplines and locations, is now available to the public. USDA VIVO will be a "one-stop shop" for Federal agriculture expertise and research outcomes. Link to VIVO: http://vivo.usda.gov/

What are biorationals? Although there is no universally accepted definition, in the context of this database, "biorational" refers to pesticides in one of the following categories:

Link to the DATABASE here.

Funding Opportunities

The National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition’s (NSAC) Grassroots Guide to Federal Farm and Food Programs walks farmers, ranchers, and grassroot organizations through dozens of the federal programs and policies most important to sustainable agriculture and describes how they can be used by farmers, ranchers, and grassroots organizations nationwide.

Western Region Sustainable Agriculture and Education Program (WSARE)

Western Region Sustainable Agriculture and Education Program WSARE

Since 1988, the WSARE program has been supporting agricultural profitability, environmental integrity and community strength through grants that enable cutting-edge research and education to open windows on sustainability across the West, including Hawai'i. The goals of WSARE are:

For more information, please see: http://www.westernsare.org/ or contact Hawai'i WSARE co-coordinators Dr. Ted Radovich (theodore@hawaii.edu) and Jari Sugano (suganoj@ctahr.hawaii.edu). 

This e-publication has been prepared by CTAHR research scientists and extension staff to deliver science-based information about sustainable and organic production systems to serve Hawaii's farming community.

Mahalo nui loa,

Jari Sugano and Dr. Ted Radovich
Jody Smith, e-Extension Manager
Sustainable and Organic Agriculture Program
Cooperative Extension Service
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources