UH Seal CTAHR NREM | CTAHR | UH
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
Edited Journal
Books and Edited Volumes
Chapters in Books
Book Review and Comment
Journal Articles
Chapters in Research Monographs
Proceedings
Research and Extension Reports
Conference Presentations
Conference Papers
Workshops
Courses Taught
Advising
PingSun Leung
Publications


Edited Journal

P.S. Leung and C. Tisdell . Aquaculture Economics and Management, Vols. 1-8.

Books and Edited Volumes

M. Pan and P.S. Leung, Guest Editors, Special Issue on Economic Relation between Marine Aquaculture and Wild Capture Fisheries, Aquaculture Economics and Management, 16:2 (2012).

P.S. Leung and Daniel Huppert, Guest Editors, Proceedings of the 2011 NAAFE Meeting, Marine Resource Economics, 27:4 (2012).

P.S. Leung, C.S. Lee and P. O’Bryen, Editors. Species and System Selection for Sustainable Aquaculture, Blackwell Publishers, 2007, 506pp.

P.S. Leung and Carole Engle, Editors. Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, Blackwell Publishers, 2006, 335 pp.

P.S. Leung and K.R. Sharma, Editors. Economics and Management of Shrimp and Carp Farming in Asia: A Collection of Research Papers based on the ADB/NACA Farm Performance Survey, Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific, 2001, 240pp.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung, C.S. Lee, I.C. Liao and M.S. Su, Editors . Socio-Economics of Aquaculture: Proceedings of the International Symposium ‘93 , TungKang Marine Laboratory Proceedings 4, 1994, Taiwan , 380 pp.

C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung, Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994, 306 pp.

K.M. Yokoyama, K. Wanitprapha, S.T. Nakamoto, and P.S. Leung, Editors. U.S. Import Statistics for Animal Related Commodities (1981-1986), Transaction Books, 1989, 310 pp.

K.M. Yokoyama, K. Wanitprapha, S.T. Nakamoto, P.S. Leung, and J. Roecklein, Editors. U.S. Import Statistics for Agricultural Commodities (1981-1986) , Transaction Books, 1988, 620 pp.

J. Roecklein and P.S. Leung, Editors. A Profile of Economic Plants , Transaction Books, 1987, 608 pp.

B. Smith, P.S. Leung and G. Love. Intensive Grazing Management: Forage, Animals, Men, Profits , The Graziers Hui, Hawaii , 1986, 350 pp.

Chapters in Books

E. Tian, J. Mak and P.S. Leung. 2013. “The Direct and Indirect Contributions of Tourism to Regional GDP: Hawaii,” Chapter 23 in Handbook of Tourism Economics, Clem Tisdell, ed., pp. 523-541, World Scientific Publishing, Singapore.

Cai, J., Jolly, C., Hishamunda, N., Ridler, N., Ligeon, C. & Leung, P.S. 2012. “Review on aquaculture’s contribution to socio-economic development: enabling policies, legal framework and partnership for improved benefits.” In R.P. Subasinghe, J.R. Arthur, D.M. Bartley, S.S. De Silva, M. Halwart, N. Hishamunda, C.V. Mohan & P. Sorgeloos, eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. pp. 265-302. FAO, Rome and NACA, Bangkok.

Ferreira, J.G., Aguilar-Manjarrez, J., Bacher, C., Black, K., Dong, S.L., Grant, J., Hofmann, E., Kapetsky, J., Leung, P.S., Pastres, R., Strand, Ø. & Zhu, C.B. 2012. “Progressing aquaculture through virtual technology and decision-support tools for novel management.” In R.P. Subasinghe, J.R. Arthur, D.M. Bartley, S.S. De Silva, M. Halwart, N. Hishamunda, C.V. Mohan & P. Sorgeloos, eds. Farming the Waters for People and Food. pp. 643–704. FAO, Rome and NACA, Bangkok.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung, L.E. Kam and P. Bienfang. 2010. “A Decision Support System for Scheduling Partial Harvesting in Aquaculture’, Chapter 18 in Decision Support Systems in Agriculture, Food and the Environment: Trends, Applications and Advances, B. Manos et al. (Editors), p. 406-419, Information Science Reference, New York.

L.E. Kam and P.S. Leung. 2008. “Financial risk analysis in aquaculture”. In M.G Bondad-Reantaso, J.R. Arthur and R.P. Subasinghe (eds). Understanding and Applying Risk Analysis in Aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 519, Rome, FAO, pp. 153–207.

R. Yu, L. Kam, and P.S. Leung. 2008. “Seafood supply chain and poverty reduction,” Chapter 8 in Poverty Reduction through Sustainable Fisheries: Emerging Policy and Governance Issues in Southeast Asia, R.M. Briones and A.G. Garcia, Editors, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (Singapore), pp. 145-188.

P.S. Leung, C.S. Lee and P. O’Bryen. 2007. “Introduction,” Chapter 1 in Species and System Selection for Sustainable Aquaculture, P.S. Leung, C.S. Lee and P. O’Bryen, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, p. 1-5.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2007. “A Review of Comparative Advantage Assessment Approaches in Relation to Aquaculture Development,” Chapter 4 in Species and System Selection for Sustainable Aquaculture, P.S. Leung, C.S. Lee and P. O’Bryen, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, p. 43-56.

S. Setboonsarng, P.S. Leung and J. Cai. 2006. “Contract Farming and Poverty Reduction: The Case of Organic Rice Contract Farming in Thailand ,” Chapter 10 in Poverty Strategies in Asia , J. Weiss and H.A. Khan, Editors, Edward Elgar, pp. 266-299.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Export Performance of Frozen Cultured Shrimp in the Japan , U.S. and EU Markets: A Global Assessment,” Chapter 2 in Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, P.S. Leung and C. Engle, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, p. 11-39.

F. Martinez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Production Performance Economic Indicators and their Role in the Planning and Assessment of the Sustainable Development of Aquaculture,” Chapter 7 in Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, P.S. Leung and C. Engle, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, pp. 95-105.

Y. Yuan, J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2006. “An Overview of China’s Cultured Shrimp Industry,” Chapter 14 in Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, P.S. Leung and C. Engle, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, pp197-221.

S. Moss and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Comparative Cost of Shrimp Production: Earthen Ponds versus Recirculating Aquaculture Systems,” Chapter 19 in Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, P.S. Leung and C. Engle, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, pp.291-300.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. 2006. “A Decision Support System for Efficient Scheduling of Multi-Pond and Multi-Cycle Commercial Shrimp Culture,” Chapter 21 in Shrimp Culture: Economics, Market and Trade, P.S. Leung and C. Engle, Editors, Blackwell Publishers, pp. 315-327.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. “Sustainable Econ omic Development in Aquaculture,” Aquaculture Compendium , CAB International, forthcoming.

P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 2003. “A historical review of aquaculture economics research,” Chapter 13 in Aquaculture: Retrospective and Outlook. An Aquaculture Summit, C.S. Lee, Editor, Asian Fisheries Society and World Aquaculture Society, pp. 205-217.

L.W.C. Lai and P.S. Leung. 2003. “ Economic indicators of sustainable development in fish culture,” Chapter 6 in Understanding and Implementing Sustainable Development, L.W.C. Lai and F.T. Lorne, Editors, Nova Science , pp.111-130. (Also published in UNESCO's online Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems)

P.S. Leung and O.F. El-Gayar. “The role of modeling in managing and planning of sustainable aquaculture,” Chapter 7 in Sustainable Aquaculture, J.E. Bardach, Ed itor, John Wiley and Sons, pp. 149-175, 1997.

C. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung and K. Menz. “Development of giant clam mariculture, the market and the need for an economic review,” Chapter 1 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

Y.C. Shang, C. Tisdell and P.S. Leung. “Markets for giant clams products in selected countries: an initial overview concentrating on East Asia, Australia, and the United States,” Chapter 4 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung and J. Brown. “Test marketing of giant clams for food in Honolulu, Guam and Saipan and observations in Okinawa and Taiwan,” Chapter 5 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung. “The United States market for giant clams as aquarium specimens,” Chapter 10 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

C.M. Gallagher, P.S. Leung , and Y.C. Shang. “The value of Tridacnid clam attributes in the Hawaii aquarium market: conjoint analysis,” Chapter 14 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

P.S. Leung , Y.C. Shang K. Wanitprapha and X. Tian. “Production economics of giant clam ( Tridacna ) culture systems in the U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands,” Chapter 18 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

C. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung . “Economics of Australian Tridacnid production and future research needs,” Chapter 20 in C.A. Tisdell, Y.C. Shang and P.S. Leung , Editors, Economics of Commercial Giant Clam Mariculture, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research Monograph Series, Canberra, Australia, 1994.

P.S. Leung , D.J. Lee and E. Hochman. "Bio-economic modelling of shrimp and prawn: a methodological comparison", Chapter 3 in Aquaculture: Models and Economics, H.W. Kinnucan and L.U. Hatch, Editors, Westview Press, 1993.

P.S. Leung , J.F. Yanagida and V. Borisovich. "Soviet-Asian minerals trade: past performance and future outlook,' Chapter 15 in CIS Energy and Minerals Development: Prospects, Problems and Opportunities for International Cooperation, J. Dorian, P.A. Minakair and V.T. Borisovich, Editors, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993.

Book Review and Comment

P.S. Leung , K.R. Sharma and S.T. Nakamoto. “The economic contribution of agriculture in Delaware : a comment,” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, vol. 26, no. 1, p.155, 1997.

P.S. Leung. “Economics of Aquaculture by C.M. Jolly and H.A. Clonts (Book Review),” Journal of Natural Resources and Life Science Education, vol. 23, no. 2, Fall 1994.

Journal Articles

S. Arita, D. Hemachandra and P.S. Leung. “Can local farms survive globalization?” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, forthcoming.

M, Loke and P.S. Leung. 2013. “Competing food concepts? Implications for Hawaii, USA,” Food and Energy Security, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/fes3.33/pdf.

M. Loke and P.S. Leung. 2013. “Hawai‘i’s food consumption and supply sources: benchmark estimates and measurement issues,” Agricultural and Food Economics, http://www.agrifoodecon.com/content/pdf/2193-7532-1-10.pdf.

C. Geslani, M. Barnes-Mauthe, M. Loke and P.S. Leung. “Seafood purchasing preferences of Hawaii chefs: comparing actual purchase to stated preferences from conjoint choice experiment,” Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, forthcoming.

E. Naomosa, S. Arita, C. Tamaru and P.S. Leung.” 2013. Assessing Hawaii’s aquaculture farm and industry performance,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 17(2):184-207.

Q. Nguyen and P.S. Leung. 2013. “Revenue targeting in fisheries,” Environment and Development Economics, 18:559-575.

S. Arita, M. Pan, J. Hospital and P.S. Leung. 2013. “The distributive economic impacts of Hawaii's commercial fishery: A SAM analysis,” Fisheries Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2013.02.005.

M. Barnes-Mauthe, S. Arita, S. D. Allen, S. A. Gray and P.S. Leung. 2013. “The influence of ethnic diversity on social network structure in a common-pool resource system: Implications for collaborative management,” Ecology and Society 18(1): 23. http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-05295-180123.

M. Loke, C. Geslani, B. Takenaka and P.S. Leung. 2012. “Seafood consumption and supply sources in Hawai‘i, 2000-2009,” Marine Fisheries Review 74(4):44-51.

C.A. Watters, C.M. Edmonds, L.S. Rosner, K.P. Sloss, P.S. Leung. 2012. “A cost analysis of EPA and DHA in fish, supplements, and foods,” J Nutr Food Sci 2:159. doi:10.4172/2155-9600.1000159.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. 2012. “The economic implication of rising transport cost for a small open economy: a case study of Hawaii’s vegetable sector,” Annals of Regional Science, 48:855–875.

H. Huang and P.S. Leung. 2011. “Testing for market linkages between Hawaii and Japan’s tuna markets,” Fisheries Research, 109:351-359.

G. Hochman, O. Hochman, E. Hochman, A. Heiman, and P.S. Leung. 2011. “Advertising versus sales in demand creation,” The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy: Vol. 11: Iss. 1 (Topics), Article 18.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung. “Estimating the economic benefits of area-wide pest management: an extended framework with transport cost,” Annals of Regional Science, 46(2):455-468.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung. 2010. “A Bayesian hierarchical model for modeling white shrimp (litopenaeus vannamei) growth in a commercial shrimp farm,” Aquaculture, 306:205–210.

R. Yu, J.N. Cai, M. Loke and P.S. Leung. 2010. “Assessing the comparative advantage of Hawaii’s agricultural exports to the US mainland market,” Annals of Regional Science, 45:473–485.

Q. Nguyen and P.S. Leung. 2009. “Do fishermen have different attitudes toward risk? An application of prospect theory to the study of Vietnamese fishermen,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 34(3):518-538.

Q. Nguyen and P.S. Leung. 2009. “Choice of remuneration regime in fisheries: The case of Hawaii’s longline fisheries,” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 34(3):498–517.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung, 2009. “Optimal harvest time in continuous aquacultural production: The case of nonhomogeneous production,” International Journal of Production Economics, 117(2):267-70.

R. Yu, J.N. Cai, and P.S. Leung, 2009. “The normalized revealed comparative advantage index”, Annals of Regional Science, 43:267-282.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. 2009. “Modeling partial harvesting in intensive shrimp culture: a network-flow approach,” European Journal of Operational Research, 193:262-271.

N.C. Pradhan and P.S. Leung. 2008. “Sea turtle interactions with Hawaii's longline fishery: An extended multiobjective programming model incorporating spatial and seasonal dimensions,” Applied Economics, 40:2121-2134.

R. Yu, J.N. Cai, P.S. Leung, 2008. “An exploratory performance assessment of shrimp exporters for the U.S. market”, Aquaculture Economics and Management, 12(4):225-251.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2008. “Toward a more general measure of revealed comparative advantage variation,” Applied Economics Letters, 15(9):723-726.

H. Huang and P.S. Leung. 2007. “Modeling protected species as an undesirable output: the case of sea turtle interactions in Hawaii’s longline fishery,” Journal of Environmental Management, 84:523-533.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Optimal partial harvesting schedule for aquaculture operations,” Marine Resource Economics, 21(3):301-315.

N.C. Pradhan and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Incorporating sea turtle interactions in a multi-objective programming model for Hawaii 's longline fishery,” Ecological Economics, 60(1):216-227.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. 2006. “Optimal pest management: a reproductive pollutant perspective,” International Journal of Pest Management, 52(3):155– 166.

J. Cai, P.S. Leung and J. Mak. 2006. “Tourism’s forward and backward linkages,” Journal of Travel Research, 45(1): 36-52.

N.C. Pradhan and P.S. Leung. 2006. “A Poisson and negative binomial regression model of sea turtle interactions in Hawaii 's longline fishery,” Fisheries Research, 78:309–322 .

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. 2006. “Optimal production schedule in commercial shrimp culture,” Aquaculture, 254: 426–441 .

K.M. Leber, R.N. Cantrell and P.S. Leung. 2005. “Optimizing cost effectiveness of size at release in stock enhancement programs,” North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 25:1596-1608 .

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. 2006. “Predicting shrimp growth: artificial neural netwrok vs. nonlinear regression models," Aquacultural Engineering, 34(1):26-32 .

P.S. Leung. 2006. “Multiple-criteria decision making (MCDM) applications in fishery management,” invited paper in a special issue on Planning Support Systems for Environmental Management, International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 6(1/2):96-110.

J. Cai, P.S. Leung, M. Pan and S. Pooley. 2005. “ Economic linkage impacts of Hawaii longline fishing regulations,” Fisheries Research, 74:234-242.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. 2005. “Optimal harvesting strategies for a multi-pond and multi-cycle shrimp operation: a practical network model,” Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 68(4):339-354.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2005. “An alternative interpretation of the ‘pure' linkage measures,” Annals of Regional Science, 39(1):49-54.

F.J. Martinez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. 2004. “Sustainable aquaculture and producer performance: measurement of environmentally adjusted productivity and efficiency of a sample of shrimp farms in Mexico,” Aquaculture, 241:249–268.

F.J. Martinez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. 2004. “Multicriteria decision making (MCDM) model for regional sustainable shrimp farming development in northwest Mexico,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 8(3/4):179-191.

R. N. Cantrell, M. Garcia, P.S. Leung and D. Ziemann. 2004. “Recreational anglers' willingness to pay for increased catch rates of Pacific threadfin (Polydactylus sexfilis) in Hawaii ,” Fisheries Research, 68:149-158.

N.C. Pradhan and P.S. Leung. 2004. “Modeling trip choice behavior of the longline fishers in Hawaii ,” Fisheries Research, 68:209-224.

N.C. Pradhan and P.S. Leung. 2004. “Modelling entry, stay, and exit decisions of the longline fishers in Hawaii ,” Marine Policy, 28:311-324.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. 2004. “Linkage measures: a revisit and a suggested alternative,” Economic Systems Research, 16(1):63-84.

A.W. Fast and P.S. Leung. 2003. “Rise and fall of freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) culture in Hawaii : 1965-1999,” Reviews in Fisheries Science, 11(3):243-290.

Pradhan , N.C. , K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 2003. “Analyzing Technological and Economic Interrelationships in Hawaii 's Longline Fishery,” Marine Resource Economics, 18:167-193.

Sharma, K.R., N.C. Pradhan, and P.S. Leung. 2003. “Technological and Economic Interrelationships in Hawaii 's Troll and Handline Fisheries,” North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 23:869-882.

H.M. Gunatilake and P.S. Leung. 2003. “Technology and management of bottomfish fisheries in Northwestern Hawaiian Islands ,” Marine Policy, 27:59-67.

L.E.Y.W. Kam, F.J. Martinez-Cordero, P.S. Leung , and A.C. Ostrowski. 2003. “Economics of milkfish ( Chanos chanos ) production in Hawaii ,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 7(1/2):95-123.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung . 2003. “A review of production frontier analysis for aquaculture management,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 7(1/2):15-34.

L.E.Y.W. Kam, P.S. Leung , and A.C. Ostrowski. 2003. “Economics of a Pacific threadfin (Polydactylus sexfilis) cage culture in Hawaii ,” Aquaculture, 223:63-87.

L.E.Y.W. Kam, P.S. Leung, A.C. Ostrowski and A. Molnar. 2002. “Size economies of a Pacific threadfin ( Polydactylus sexfilis ) hatchery in Hawaii ,” Journal of World Aquaculture Society, 23(4):410-424.

P.S. Leung and S. Pooley. 2002. “Economy-wide impacts of reductions in fisheries production: a supply-driven approach,” Marine Resource Economics, 16(4):251-262.

P.S. Leung, K. Heen and H. Bardarson. 2001. “Regional economic impacts of fish utilization from the Barents Sea : Trade-offs between economic rent, employment and income,” European Journal of Operational Research, 133(2):432-446.

O.F. El-Gayar and P.S. Leung. 2001. “A multiple criteria decision making framework for regional aquaculture development,” European Journal of Operational Research, 133(3): 462-482.

F.J. Martinez-Codero, P.S. Leung, A.C. Ostrowski and M.D. Chambers. 2001. “Profitability analysis of the commercial growout of Pacific threadfin (Polydactylus sexfilis) in Hawaii under different production systems,” Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics, 16(1):101-112.

M. Pan, P.S. Leung and S.G. Pooley. 2001. “A decision support model for fisheries management in Hawaii – a multilevel and multiobjective programming approach,” North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 21(2):293-309.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 2001. “Economic impacts of catch allocation from commercial fishery to recreational fishery in Hawaii ,” North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 21(1):125-134.

K.R. Sharma , N.C. Pradhan, and P.S. Leung. 2001. “Stochastic frontier approach to measuring irrigation performance: an application to rice production under two systems in the Tarai of Nepal,” Water Resources Research, 37(7):2009-2018.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 2000. “Technical efficiency of carp pond culture in south Asia : an application of stochastic meta-production frontier model,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 4(3/4):169-189.

M.C. Garcia, P.S. Leung, C.F. Chilcutt and B. Tabasnik. 2000. “Short-term economic analysis of control of diamondback moth in Hawaii with Bacillus thuringiensis and other insecticides,” Journal for Hawaiian and Pacific Agriculture, 11:29 -40.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 2000. “Technical efficiency of carp production in India : a stochastic production frontier analysis,” Aquaculture Research, 31:937-948.

P.S. Leung, L.T. Tran and A.W. Fast. 2000. “A logistic regression of risk factors for disease occurrence on Asian shrimp farms,” Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 41:65-76.

P.S. Leung and L.T. Tran. 2000. “Predicting shrimp disease occurrence: artificial neural networks vs. logistic regression,” Aquaculture, 187:35-49.

O.F. El-Gayar and P.S. Leung. 2000. “ADDSS: a tool for regional aquaculture development,” Aquacultural Engineering , 23:181-202.

X. Tian, P.S. Leung and D.J. Lee. 2000. “Size economies and optimal scheduling in shrimp production,” Aquacultural Engineering 22:289-307.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. 1999. “Technical, allocative, and economic efficiencies in swine production in Hawaii : a comparison of parametric and nonparametric approaches,” Agricultural Economics, 20:23 -35.

Chow, Y., P.S. Leung and L. Quinn. 1999. “A computerized school lunch menu-planning model for Hawaii elementary schools,” The Journal of Child Nutrition and Management, 23(1):40-46.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and S.T. Nakamoto. 1999. “Accounting for the linkages of agriculture in Hawaii 's economy with an input-output model: a final demand-based approach,” Annals of Regional Science, 33:123-140.

M. Iinuma, K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 1999. “Technical efficiency of carp pond culture in Peninsula Malaysia : an application of stochastic production frontier and technical inefficiency model,” Aquaculture, 175:199-213.

B.H. Ling, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 1999. “Comparing Asian shrimp farming: the domestic resource cost approach,” Aquaculture, 175:31-48.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 1999. “Technical Efficiency of the Longline Fishery in Hawaii : An Application of Stochastic Production Frontier,” Marine Resource Economics, 13:259-274.

S. Banaszak, U. Chakravorty and P.S. Leung. 1999. “Ground transportation fuel demand in Asian tigers: a comparative study of Korea and Taiwan ,” Energy Journal, 20(2):145-165.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and L. Zane. 1999. “Performance measurement of Hawaii state public libraries: an application of data envelopment analysis (DEA),” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 28(2):190-198.

F.J. Martinez Cordero, W.J. FitzGerald, Jr., and P.S. Leung. 1999. “Evaluation of productivity in extensive aquaculture practices using interspatial TFP index, Sulawesi Indonesia ,” Asian Fisheries Sciences, 12(3):223-234.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung, H. Chen and A. Peterson. 1999. “Economic efficiency and optimum stocking densities in fish polyculture: an application of data envelopment analysis (DEA) to the Chinese fish farms,” Aquaculture, 180:207-221.

B.H. Lin, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 1998. “Behavior of price transmissions in vertically coordinated markets: the case of frozen black tiger shrimp,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 2(3):119-128 .

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. 1998. “Technical efficiency of carp production in Nepal : an application of stochastic production function approach,” Aquaculture Economics and Management, 2(3):129-140.

L.A. Quinn and Leung, P.S. 1998. “Comparison of home lunches in Hawaii with required grade nutrient standards and meal pattern requirements of the USDA school lunch program,” Journal of Nutrition in Recipe and Menu Development, 3(1):37-52.

P.S. Leung, J. Muraoka, S.T. Nakamoto and S. Pooley. 1998. “Evaluating fisheries management options in Hawaii using analytic hierarchy process (AHP),” Fisheries Research, 36:171-183.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung and B.H. Ling. 1998. “Comparative economics of shrimp farming in Asia ,” Aquaculture , 164:183-200.

P.S. Leung, W. Miklius, K. Wanitprapha and L.A. Quinn. 1997. “Cost and time tradeoff of nutritionally adequate diets,” The Journal of Consumer Affairs, 31(2,):204-217.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. 1997. “Productive efficiency of the swine industry in Hawaii : econometric approach vs. data envelopment (DEA) approach,” Journal of Productivity Analysis, 8:447-459.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. 1997. “Economic analysis of size and feed type of swine production in Hawaii ,” Swine Production and Health, 5(3):103-110.

P.S. Leung and W. Miklius. 1997. “Demand for nutrition vs. demand for tastes,” Applied Economics Letters, 4(5):291-295.

N. Tabatchnaia-Tamirisa, M.K. Loke, P.S. Leung and K.A. Tucker. 1997. “Energy and tourism in Hawaii ,” Annals of Tourism Research, 24(2):390-401.

C.S. Lee, P.S. Leung and M.S. Su. 1997. “Bioeconomic evaluation of different fry production systems for milkfish ( Chanos chanos ),” Aquaculture , 159:367-376.

D. Zhou, J.F Yanagida, U, Chakravorty and P.S. Leung. 1996. “Estimating economic impacts from tourism: CGE and IO techniques,” Annals of Tourism Research, 24(1):76-89.

L.A. Quinn, P.S. Leung and K. Wanitprapha. 1996.“Effects of restricting sodium and cholesterol on recipe selection, cost and preparation time of computer generated nutrient standard menus,” Journal of Nutrition in Recipe and Menu Development, 2(4):17-27.

L.A. Quinn and Leung, P.S. 1996. “Cost comparisons of nutrient standard diets,” Journal of Nutrition in Recipe and Menu Development, 2(2):49-71.

B.H. Lin, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 1996. “Export performance of major cultured shrimp producers in the Japanese and US markets,” Aquaculture Research, 27:775-786.

P.S. Leung, K. Wanitprapha and L.A. Quinn. 1995. “A recipe-base diet planning model,” British Journal of Nutrition, 74:151-162.

L.A. Quinn, P.S. Leung and K. Wanitprapha. 1995. “Nutritional comparison of diets generated with differing objectives,” Journal of Nutrition in Recipe and Menu Development, 1(4):5-26.

D.J. Lee, T. Tipton and P.S. Leung. 1995. “Modelling cropping decisions in a rural developing country: a multiple objective programming approach,” Agricultural Systems, 49:101-111.

P.S. Leung and W. Miklius. 1994. "Accuracy of electric power consumption forecasts generated by alternative methods: the case of Hawaii ," Energy Sources, 16(2):311-322.

P.S. Leung, Y. C. Shang and X. Tian. 1994. "Optimal harvest age for giant clam Tridacna derasa : an economic analysis," Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 4(1):49-63.

S. Nakamoto, P.S. Leung and K. Wanitprapha. 1994. "The value of digested poultry slurry," Bioresource Technology, 48:25-30.

P.S. Leung, Y.C. Shang, G. Chen and S. Ma. 1993. "Impacts of production responsibility system on the development of freshwater pond fish culture in China ," Asian Fisheries Sciences, 6:303-329.

X. Tian, P.S. Leung and E. Hochman. 1993. "Shrimp growth functions and their economic implications," Aquacultural Engineering, 12:81-96.

C. Gopalakrishnan, K.S. Gadepalli, L.J. Cox and P.S. Leung. 1993. "The economics of biomass energy: a case study from Hawaii ," Bioresource Technology, 45:137-143.

P.S. Leung, W. Miklius, K. Wanitprapha, P. Garrod and N. Johnson. 1992. "Minimum cost palatable diet: a pilot study," Agricultural Systems, 38:275-299.

H. Amagai and P.S. Leung. 1991. "Trade-off between economic and environmental objectives in Japan 's power sector," The Energy Journal, 12(4):95-104.

E. Hochman, P.S. Leung, L.R. Rowland and J. Wyban. 1990. "Optimal scheduling in shrimp mariculture: a stochastic growing inventory problem," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 72(2):382-393.

H. Amagai and P.S. Leung. 1990. "Multiple-criteria analysis for Japan 's electric power generation mix," Energy Systems and Policy, 13(3):219-236.

P.S. Leung, E. Hochman, L.W. Rowland and J. Wyban. 1990. "Modeling shrimp production and harvesting schedules," Agricultural Systems, 32(3):233-249.

R.B. Billings, R.L. Bowen and P.S. Leung. 1989. "An input-output model to estimate tax exporting in Hawaii ," Western Tax Review , 7(2):28-53.

S.T. Nakamoto, J. Halloran, J.F. Yanagida and P.S. Leung. 1989. "A market example and economic evaluation of information and price uncertainty," Journal of Food Distribution Research, 20(2):55-62.

P.S. Leung and L.W. Rowland. 1989. "Financial analysis of shrimp production: an electronic spreadsheet model," Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 3:287-304.

P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 1989. "Modeling prawn production management system: a Markov decision approach," Agricultural Systems, 29(1):5-20.

P.S. Leung and R. Bowen. 1988. "Using input-output analysis to estimate tax exporting and tax pyramiding in Hawaii ," Annals of Regional Science, 22(1):49-62.

G. Hsu, P.S. Leung and C.T.K. Ching. 1988. "Energy planning in Taiwan : an alternative approach using a multiobjective programming and input-output model," The Energy Journal, 9(1):53-72.

S. Divakaran, L.W. Rowland and P.S. Leung. 1988. "Comparative cost analysis of processing slaughterhouse blood by acidulation," Biological Wastes, 23:245-249.

S.T. Nakamoto, P.S. Leung and H.K. Marutani. 1987. "Computer use in Hawaii agriculture: a summary," Journal of Computer Applications , 2(2):14-19.

G. Hsu, P.S. Leung and C.T.K. Ching. 1987. "A multiobjective programming and interindustry model for energy-economic planning in Taiwan ," Energy Systems and Policy, 11(3):185-204.

L. Cox, S.T. Nakamoto, H.K. Marutani and P.S. Leung. 1987. "Economic analysis of vegetable enterprises," Journal of Computer Applications , 2(1):11-15.

P.S. Leung and M.H. Vesenka. 1987. "Forecasting a state specific demand for highway fuels: the case for Hawaii ," Energy Systems and Policy, 10(2):167-188.

P.S. Leung. 1986. "Applications of systems modelling in aquaculture," Aquacultural Engineering, 5:171-182.

W. van Poollen and P.S. Leung. 1986. "Analyzing the feed-beef price relationship on the beef production management strategies in Hawaii : a dynamic programming approach," Western Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17(1):106-114.

W. van Poollen and P.S. Leung. 1986. "Evaluations of the effects of energy price change on beef production management strategies in Hawaii ," Agricultural Systems, 19(1):22-35.

K.C. Samples and P.S. Leung. 1985. "The effect of production variability on financial risks of freshwater prawn farming in Hawaii ," Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 42(2):307-311.

C. Gopalakrishnan and P.S. Leung. 1985. "Optimizing energy generation from Hawaii 's biomass sources: a new approach," Agricultural Wastes, 12:159-166.

P.S. Leung, L.A. Fallon and Y.C. Shang. 1984. "Bioeconomic modeling of freshwater prawn production: the Hawaiian experience," Journal of the International Society of Ecological Modeling , 6(1-2):25-37.

P.S. Leung and G. Hsu. 1984. "An integrated energy planning model for Hawaii ," Energy Economics, 6(2):117-121.

P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. 1982. "Economics of polyculture: implications from ecological principles," Journal of the International Society of Ecological Modeling, 4(3-4):151-161.

P.S. Leung, T. Liang and M.P. Mi. 1978. "Generalized animal production system design and management model," Transactions of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, 22(4):850-856.

D.H. Crowell, R. Jones, L. Kapunia and P.S. Leung. 1977. "Autoregressive representation of infant EEG for the purpose of hypothesis testing and classification," Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology Journal, 43:317-324.

Chapters in Research Monographs

Y.K. Hahn, P.S. Leung and K. Adams. "Financial Results," Chapter 8 in Hydropyrolysis of Biomass to Produce Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels , Report on Energy Tree Farm Workshop No. 2, Mary Troy, Ed., Hawaii Natural Energy Institute, November 1982.

P.S. Leung and H. Ruderman. "The Future Demand for Energy," Chapter 5 in Hawaii Integrated Energy Assessment , Volume I, Hawaii State Department of Planning and Economic Development and University of California Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, June 1981.

Proceedings

F.J. Martinez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. “Performanc indicators with externalities: Environmentally-adjusted productivity and efficiency indicators of a sample of semi-intensive shrimp farms in Mexico,” In The Economics of Aquculture with Respect to Fisheries, Editors, K.J. Thomson and L. Venzi, pp. 175-193, Proceedings of the 95th EAAE Seminar, Civitavecchia (Rome), Italy, 9-11 December 2005.

P.S. Leung and S.M. Moss. “Economic assessment of a prototype biosecure shrimp growout facility,” In Proceedings of Controlled & Biosecure Production Systems , Ed itors, R.A. Bullis and G.D. Pruder, pp. 97-106, 1999.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung . “Technical efficiency of the longline fishery in Hawaii : an application of stochastic production frontier,” Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade , July 8-11, 1998 , Tromso , Norway .

P.S. Leung , M. Pan, F. Ji, S.T. Nakamoto, and S.G. Pooley. “A bilevel and bicriterion programming model of Hawaii's multifishery,” In: Chakravorty, U. and Sibert, J. ( Ed s.), Ocean-Scale Management of Pelagic Fisheries: Economic and Regulatory Issues , JIMAR 99-321, Joint Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii at Manoa, pp. 41-63, 1999.

P.S. Leung . “Measuring sustainability of aquacultural production: a methodological review,” in ADB/NACA, 1996, Aquaculture Sustainability and the Environment. Report on a Regional Study and Workshop on Aquaculture Sustainability and the Environment . Asian Development Bank and Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok , Thailand , pp.367-372.

P. Bueno and P.S. Leung . “Opportunities for regional cooperation in establishing and operating the farm performance data base and information system,” in ADB/NACA, 1996, Aquaculture Sustainability and the Environment. Report on a Regional Study and Workshop on Aquaculture Sustainability and the Environment . Asian Development Bank and Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific, Bangkok , Thailand , pp.187-190.

O.F. El-Gayar, S.S. Sadek and P.S. Leung . “Aquaculture in Egypt: a review”, Proceedings of the Seven Biennial International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade , July, 1994, Taiwan, pp. 70-81.

O.F. El-Gayar, P.S. Leung and L.W. Rowland. “An aquacultural development decision support system (ADDSS): a preliminary design,” Proceedings of the Seven Biennial International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, July, 1994, Taiwan , pp.242-253.

B.H. Ling, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. “Comparative advantage of major cultured shrimp producers in the Japan and U.S. markets,” Proceedings of the Seven Biennial International Conference of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade , July, 1994, Taiwan, pp. 39-51.

P.S. Leung . “Bio-Economic modeling in aquaculture after two decades,” Proceedings of the International Symposium on Socio-Economics of Aquaculture , December 14-17, 1993 , Taiwan , pp.115-137.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung , K. Wanitprapha and G. Heslinga. "Production cost comparisons of giant clam (T ridacna ) culture systems in the U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands,” Proceedings of the Third Asian Fishery Forum , October 26-29, 1992 , Singapore .

T.V. Tipton, J. Brown and P.S. Leung . "Taro Trade and cost of production in selected areas of the American Affiliated Pacific,” Proceedings of Low Input Sustainable Agriculture Conference , September 22, 1992 , Honolulu , pp.112-124.

T.V. Tipton, P.S. Leung and D.J. Lee. “Cropping decisions in a semicommercial context in Western Samoa: a multiple criteria approach," Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making , Taipei, Taiwan, July 19-24, 1992, vol. 3, pp.169-174.

P.S. Leung , Y. C. Shang, G. Chen and S. Ma. "Impacts of institutional change on the development of freshwater pond fish culture in China," Chapter 17 in Heggberger, T.G., editor, The Role of Aquaculture in World Fisheries: Proceedings of the World Fisheries Congress , Athens, Greece, May 3-8, 1992.

P.S. Leung , C.S. Lee and L.W. Rowland. "Production cost for a finfish hatchery: the case of stripped mullet ( Mugil Cephalus )," Proceedings of Conference on Finfish Hatchery in Asia '91 ," Tungkang , Taiwan , December 17-19, 1991 , pp.239-244, 1993.

J.W. Brown and P.S. Leung . "Optimal cistern size for hydroponic greenhouse operation," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems, Taiwan , 1991, pp.292-304.

D.J. Lee, P.S. Leung , Y.S. Fok and S.C. Chu . "Opportunities for rainwater cistern systems in rural economic development," Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Rain Water Cistern Systems, Taiwan , 1991, pp.317-323.

K.G. Rohrbach and P.S. Leung . "AHP in allocating Hawaii 's agricultural research and development resources," Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on The Analytic Hierarchy Process , Pittsburgh , Pennsylvania , 1991, pp. 351-359.

P.S. Leung , W. Miklius, K. Wanitprapha, P. Garrod and N. Johnson. "Minimum cost palatable diet: an integer programming model," Proceedings of the International Conference on Operations Research/Management Science , Manila , Philippines , 1990, pp. D62-D81.

P.S. Leung and D. Sato. "How much money can a farmer make in Chinese taro?" Proceedings of the Taro Conference: Taking Taro into the 1990's , Hilo , Hawaii , 1989, pp. 20-27.

J.A. Silva, D. Sato, P.S. Leung , G. Santos and J. Kuniyoshi. "Response of taro to nitrogen and potassium fertilization,” Proceedings of the Taro Conference: Taking Taro into the 1990's , Hilo , Hawaii , 1989, pp. 60-70.

H. Amagai and P.S. Leung . "The optimal mix of electricity generation sources in Japan : a multiobjective programming model," Proceedings of the International Conference on Multiple Criteria Decision Making , Bangkok , Thailand , 1989, pp. 691-705.

W. Miklius, P.S. Leung and C.M. Siddayao. "Analyzing demand for petroleum-based fuels in the transport sectors of developing countries," Proceedings of the Eighth Annual International Conference of the International Association of Energy Economists , Tokyo, Japan, 1986, pp. 1271-1292.

P.S. Leung , S. Setboonsarng and J. Halloran. "Simulation analysis of financial risks for three vegetable crops in Hawaii ," Proceedings of the 1986 Winter Simulation Conference , Washington , D.C. , 1986, pp. 836-841.

Y.S. Fok and P.S. Leung . "Past, present and future of the pineapple canning industry in Hawaii ," Proceedings of the Regional Seminar on Farm Machinery and Rural Industry in Southeast Asia and the Pacific , Thailand , 1984, pp. IIB-1-15.

P.S. Leung and W. Miklius. "Use of simulation for estimation of travel time savings: a case of highway widening," Proceedings of the 1982 Winter Simulation Conference , San Diego , 1982, pp. 349-357.

P.S. Leung and Y.S. Fok. "Determining the desirable storage volume of a rain-catchment cistern system - a stochastic approach," Proceedings of the International Conference on Rainwater Cistern Systems, Hawaii , 1982, pp. 128-134.

Y.S. Fok and P.S. Leung . "Cost analyses of rainwater cistern systems," Proceedings of the International Conference on Rainwater Cistern Systems, Hawaii , 1982, pp. 210-219.

C. Gopalakrishnan, P.S. Leung , P. Kasturi and N. Koffi. "Optimal use of Hawaii 's biomass sources for energy: a novel proposal," Proceedings of the IASTED International Energy Symposia on Alternate Energy Sources and Technology , San Francisco, 1981, pp. 68-72.

P.S. Leung . "An integrated energy and inter-industry analysis for Hawaii ," Proceedings of the Eighth Annual SPEAKEASY Conference , Chicago, 1980, pp. 72-93.

Research and Extension Reports

R. Yu, S. Railsback, C. Sheppard and P.S. Leung, 2013. Agent-Based Management Model of Hawaii's Longline Fisheries (FMMHLF): Model Description and Software Guide. SOEST Publication 13-01, JIMAR Contribution 13-383. 60 pp.

M. Barnes-Mauthe, S. Arita, S.D Allen and P.S. Leung. 2012. A Network Analysis of Fisher's Social Capital and the Effects of Ethnic Diversity in Hawaii's Longline Fishery. SOEST 12-03/JIMAR Contribution 12-381.

C. Geslani, M. Loke, B. Takenaka, and P.S. Leung. 2012. Hawai‘i Seafood Consumption and Its Supply Sources. SOEST 12-01/JIMAR Contribution 12-0379. http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/PFRP/soest_jimar_rpts/leung_etal_hi_seafood_consumption.pdf

M. Loke, M., C. Geslani, B. Takenaka, and P.S. Leung. 2012. An Overview of Seafood Consumption and Supply Sources: Hawai‘i Versus U.S. Economic Issues EI-22 (March 2012): 1–9. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/EI-22.pdf

S. Arita, E. Naomosa and P.S. Leung. 2012. Comparison of Cost Structure and Economic Performance of Hawai‘i and U.S. Mainland Farms. Economic Issues EI-21 (March 2012): 1–9. 20. http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/EI-21.pdf

E. Tian, J. Mak and P.S. Leung. The Direct and Indirect Contributions of Tourism to Regional GDP: Hawaii. Working Paper No. 2011-5, University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, July 28, 2011, 21pp.

S. Arita, Pan, M., Hospital, J., Leung, P.S. 2011. Contribution, Linkages and Impacts of the Fisheries Sector to Hawaii’s Economy: A Social Accounting Matrix Analysis, JIMAR Contribution Report 11-373.

H. Parcon, M. Loke and P.S. Leung. Costs of Transporting Fresh Fruits and Vegetables to Honolulu from Hilo and Los Angeles. Economic Issues EI-18, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, March 2010, 9pp.

H. Parcon, R. Yu, M. Loke and P.S. Leung. Competitiveness of Hawai‘i’s Agricultural Products in Japan. Economic Issues EI-19, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, June 2010, 19pp.

K. Burnett, P.S. Leung and J. Mak. The Contribution of the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa to Hawai‘i’s Economy in 2007. University of Hawaii Economic Research Organization, March 2009, 18pp.

L.E. Kam, P.S. Leung and C.S. Tamaru. 2008. “Direct marketing freshwater ornamentals cultured in Hawaii,” World Aquaculture 39(12):20-25.

P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Economic Impacts of Increasing Hawai‘i’s Food Self-Sufficiency. Economic Issues EI-16, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, December 2008, 7pp.

L.E. Kam, R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. Shrimp Partial Harvesting Model: Decision Support System User Manual. Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture Publication #153, June 2008, 22pp.

P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Agriculture’s Contribution to Hawaii’s Economy- 2005. Economic Issues EI-13, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, January 2008, 8pp.

R. Yu, J. Cai, P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Comparative Advantage Trends of Selected Agricultural Products in Hawaii in the U.S. Mainland Market . Economic Issues EI-14, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, February 2008, 11pp.

J. Cai, P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Comparative Advantage of Selected Agricultural Products in Hawaii: A Revealed Comparative Advantage Assessment. Economic Issues EI-11, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, April 2007, 15pp.

J. Cai, P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Do Hawaii Producers Pay Higher Freight Costs for Agricultural Shipments to the U.S. Mainland Market Than their Foreign Competittors? Economic Issues EI-10, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, April 2007, 8pp.

L.E. Kam, P.S. Leung and C.S. Tamaru. Feasibility of Direct Marketing Hawaii’s Freshwater Ornamentals. Aquafarmer Information Sheet #152, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, June 2006, 16pp.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. Growth and Stability of Agricultural Production in Hawaii : A Portfolio Analysis . Economic Issues EI-9, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, April 2006, 11pp.

S.M. Moss , C.A. Otoshi and P.S. Leung. 2005. “Optimizing strategies for growing larger L. vannamei,” Global Aquaculture Advocate, 8(5):68-69.

L.E. Kam, P.S. Leung and C.S. Tamaru. Direct Marketing Hawaii’s Freshwater Ornamental Aquaculture Products. Aquafarmer Information Sheet #15, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, March 2005, 15pp.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. Economic Impacts of Shutting Down Hawaii's Sugar Industry. Economic Issues EI-6, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, April 2004, 4pp.

J. Mak and P.S. Leung. The Contribution of the University of Hawaii to Hawaii's Economy in 2003. March 2004, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 10pp.

H.L. Chan, M.C. Garcia and P.S. Leung. Long-Term Projections of Global Fish production and Consumption. Report submitted to UN FAO, 2002.

P.S. Leung and M. Loke. Agriculture's Contribution to Hawaii's Economy- An Update. Economic Issues EI-3, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, February 2002, 7pp.

J. Cai and P.S. Leung. The Linkages of Agriculture to Hawaii's Economy. Economic Issues EI-4, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, August 2002, 8pp.

L.E.Y.W. Kam, P.S. Leung, A.C. Ostrowski and A. Molnar. Economics of a Pacific Threadfin (Polytactylus Sexfilis) Hatchery in Hawaii, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture, CTSA Publication # 146, 2001, 50pp.

J. Mak, P.S. Leung, J. Brown, and M. Sakai. Economic Impact of the University of Hawai ‘i System, February 2001, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 46pp.

P.S. Leung, K. Sharma and S.T. Nakamoto. The Contribution of Agriculture to Hawaii's Economy, Economic Issues EI-2, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, February 2000, 7pp.

M. Pan, P.S. Leung, F. Ji, S.T. Nakamoto, and S.G. Pooley. A Multilevel and Multiobjective Programming Model for the Hawaii Fishery: Model Documentation and Application Results , JIMAR 99-324, Joint Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 84pp., 1999.

K.R. Sharma, Peterson, A.R., Pooley, S.G., Nakamoto, S.T., and Leung , P.S. Economic Contributions of Hawaii's Fisheries, Pelagic Fishery Research Program, JIMAR 99-327 , Joint Institute of Marine and Atmospheric Research, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 40pp., 1999.

Peterson, A.R., Sharma, K.R., Nakamoto, S.T., and Leung, P.S. Production Costs for Selected Vegetable Crops in the State of Hawaii , Department of Biosystems Engineering, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 19pp., 1999.

Peterson, A.R., Sharma, K.R., Nakamoto, S.T., and Leung, P.S. Production Costs of Selected Vegetable Crops (Lettuce, Cucumber, Green Onion, and Cabbage) in Hawaii, AgriBusiness 13, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 8pp., 1999

K.R. Sharma, X. Tian, A. Peterson, S.T. Nakamoto, and P.S. Leung. The 1992 Hawaii State Input-Output Study , Economic Issues EI-1, 1997, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources.

B.H. Ling, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. “Overview of World Shrimp Industry,” Aquaculture Asia , vol. 2, no.3, 1997, pp.28-31.

B.H. Ling, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. “Comparative Advantage of Asian Shrimp Farms,” Aquaculture Asia , vol. 2, no.1, 1997, pp.24-30.

P.S. Leung and L.H.P. Gunaratne. “Intercountry Productivity Comparisons of Black Tiger Shrimp Culture in Asia ,” Aquaculture Asia , vol. 1, no.2, 1996, pp.32-36.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. “Productive Efficiency of the Swine Industry in Hawaii ,” Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resource, Research Series 077, 1996.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. “Production Economics of the Swine Industry in Hawaii ,” Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resource, Research and Extension Series 163, 1996.

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung, and H.M. Zaleski. Swine Production: Is it Profitable? Agricultural and Resource Economics and Animal Sciences Factsheet.

P.S. Leung and S.T. Nakamoto . Impact on Hawaii's Economy of Proposed Federal Cuts in Medicaid and Medicare , Economic Fact Sheet #22, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1996.

K. Wanitprapha, P.S. Leung, W. Miklius, L.A. Quinn, & N. Johnson. Recipe Manager User's Guide . HITAHR Report, 1995.

P.S. Leung, Y.C. Shang, K. Wanitprapha and X. Tian. Production Economics of Giant Clam (Tridacna) Culture Systems in the U.S. Affiliated Pacific Islands, Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture Publication No. 114, 1994.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung, John Brown and C. Tisdell. Test Marketing of Giant Clam as Seafood and as Aquarium Specimens in Selected Markets, The Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture Publication No. 110, 1993.

S.T. Nakamoto, K. Wanitprapha and P.S. Leung. Estimated Impact on Hawaii's Economy of Replacing Selected Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Imports in 1991 , Economic Fact Sheet #20, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1993.

Y.C. Shang, C. Tisdell and P.S. Leung. Report on a Market Survey of Giant Clam Products in Selected Countries, The Center for Tropical and Subtropical Aquaculture Publication No. 107, 1990.

W. Miklius and P.S. Leung. Behavior Modeling in the Multifishery: An Evaluation of Alternative Methods , Administrative Report, Southwest Fisheries Center , National Marine Fisheries Service, Hawaii , May, 1990.

W. Miklius, J.E.T. Moncur and P.S. Leung. Distribution of State and Local Tax Burden by Income Class , report prepared for the Tax Review Commission, State of Hawaii , October, 1989.

K.M. Yokoyama, K. Wanitprapha, P.S. Leung and S.T. Nakamoto. Estimated Impact on Hawaii's Economy of Replacing Selected Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Imports , Economic Fact Sheet #7, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1990.

K.M. Yokoyama, K. Wanitprapha, S.T. Nakamoto and P.S. Leung. Statistics of Commodity Imports of Animal Origin from Foreign Countries to Hawaii : 1981-1986 , Research Extension Series 104, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1989.

P.S. Leung, E. Hochman, K. Wanitprapha, Y.C. Shang and J.K. Wang. Optimal Harvest Schedule for Maricultured Shrimp: A Stochastic Sequential Decision Model , Research Series 060, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1989.

R. Bowen and P.S. Leung. An Input-Output Analysis of Tax Pyramiding and Exporting in Hawaii , Research Extension Series 102, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1989.

J.K. Leong, F.S. Scott and P.S. Leung. Economic Implications of Import Barriers to Protect the U.S. Sugar Industry with Particular Reference to Hawaii , Research Series 058, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1989.

K.M. Yokohama, K. Wanitprapha, S.T. Nakamoto and P.S. Leung. Statistics of Agricultural Crop-related Commodity Imports from Foreign Countries to Hawaii : 1981-1986 , Research Extension Series 096, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1988.

L. Cox, S.T. Nakamoto, H.K. Marutani and P.S. Leung. A User's Manual for the Vegetable-Crop Budget Template , Research Extension Series 091, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1988.

S. Nakamoto, P.S. Leung and H. Marutani. Computer Use in Hawaii , Research Extension Series 090, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1988.

T.A. Loudat, J. Roecklein and P.S. Leung. A Method of Assessing New Crop Potential in Hawaii: A Case Study of the Hawaiian Papaya Industry , Research Extension Series 079, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1987.

S. Nakamoto and P.S. Leung. A Worksheet for Nursery Cost of Production , Information Text Series 028, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1987.

W. Miklius, P.S. Leung and C. Siddayao. An Analysis of Demand for Petroleum-Based Fuels in the Transport Sector of Developing Countries , RSI-86-2, Resource System Institute, East-West Center, March, 1986.

J. Halloran, P.S. Leung and H. Marutani. Sources of Agriculture Credit in Hawaii , Research Extension Series 067, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1986.

J. Roecklein, P.S. Leung and J. Malone. Alternative Crops for Hawaii: A Bibliography of Methodologies for Screening , Research Extension Series 062, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1985.

P. Thomassin, P.S. Leung and J.K. Wang. The Economic Feasibility of Using Taro in Rotation with Field Corn for Dairy Silage on the Island of Kauai , Research Extension Series 061, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, 1985.

R. Bowen, P.S. Leung and M. Vesenka. Water Use Coefficients and Resource Multipliers for the Island of Oahu, Water Resources Research Center, Technical Bulletin No. 164, August 1984.

P.S. Leung and B. Smith. Economics of Intensive Grazing: A Case in Hawaii , Research Extension Series 045, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, July 1984.

P.S. Leung and B. Smith. Weaned Calf Decision Analysis , Information Text Series 012, Hawaii Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, May 1983.

P.S. Leung and H. Ruderman. "The Hawaii Energy Demand Forecasting Model", Hawaii Integrated Energy Assessment , Hawaii State Department of Planning and Economic Development and University of California Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Volume III, June 1981.

P.S. Leung and S. Nakamoto. Estimating Vehicle-Miles Traveled for the State of Hawaii , Hawaii State Department of Planning and Economic Development Report, 1981.

J. Seifers, T.D. Pham and P.S. Leung. The Economy of Hawaii 1979 , Hawaii State Department of Planning and Economic Development Report, 1979.

T. Liang and P.S. Leung. A Print-Plot Display System for a Linear Programming-Based Resources Planning Model, Water Resources Research Center , Technical Memorandum Report No. 59, November, 1978.


Invited Conference Presentations

L.E. Kam and P.S. Leung. “Financial risk analysis in aquaculture,” FAO/NACA Expert Workshop on Understanding and Applying Risk Analysis in Aquaculture, 8-11 June, 2007, Rayong, Thailand.

Yu, R., L.E. Kam and P.S. Leung. “The seafood supply chain and poverty reduction,” Towards Poverty Reduction through Sustainable Fisheries: Emerging Policy and Governance Issues in Southeast Asia, 10-11 April, 2007, Makati City, Philippines.

P.S. Leung and J, Cai. “Suggested framework for the quantitative analysis of micro-level data on organic agriculture and millennium development goals,” Second Workshop on Organic Agriculture, Poverty Reduction and MDGs, Bangkok, Thailand, July 27-29, 2006.

P.S. Leung, J. Cai and S. Setboonsarng. “Is contract farming more profitable and efficient? A case of organic rice farming in Thailand,” Organic Agriculture, Poverty Reduction and Millennium Development Goals, 15-17 November, 2005, Asian Development Bank Institute, Tokyo, Japan.

P.S. Leung and J. Cai. “A review of comparative advantage assessment approaches in relation to aquaculture development,” Socioeconomic Aspects of Species and System Selection for Sustainable Aquaculture, October 17-20, 2005, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.

P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. “A historical review of aquaculture economics research,” invited paper delivered at the Aquaculture Summit on Aquaculture: Retrospective and Outlook, November 3- 7, 2002, East-West Center, Honolulu, Hawaii., USA.

P.S. Leung and Y. Yuan. “Land and water use in aquaculture: experience with the ADB/NACA farm performance study from an economic perspective,” invited paper delivered at UN FAO Expert Consultation on Land and Water Use in Aquaculture, FAO Headquarters, Rome, 7-10 October 2002.

L.W.C. Lai, P.S. Leung and F.T. Lorne. “Economic indicators of sustainable development in fish culture,” invited paper delivered at UN FAO Expert Consultation on Indicators of Sustainable Aquaculture Development, FAO Headquarters, Rome, 24-27 September 2001.

“Applications of economic analysis to the management of aquaculture,” Keynote address presented at the Conference on Aquaculture Economics and Marketing, Debrecen Agricultural University, Debrecen, Hungary, August 30 to September 1, 1999.

“Comparative economics of shrimp farming in Asia,” Second International Conference on the Culture of Penaeid Prawns and Shrimps, May 14-17, 1996, Iloilo, Philippines. [Book of Abstracts, p.65]

“Measuring aquaculture sustainability,” World Aquaculture ‘96, January 22-February 2, 1996, Bangkok, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p.221]

“Measuring Sustainability of aquacultural production: a methodological review,” Aquaculture Sustainability and the Environment Regional Workshop, October 6-12, 1995, Beijing, China.

“Bio-economic modeling in aquaculture after two decades,” International Symposium on Socio-Economics of Aquaculture, Keelung, Taiwan, December 14-17, 1993.

"Production cost for a finfish hatchery: the case of stripped mullet (Mugil Cephalus)," Conference on Finfish Hatchery in Asia '91," Tungkang, Taiwan, December 17-19, 1991.

“Commodity modeling: a methodological review,” Moscow Geological Institute, Moscow, and Far Eastern Economics Institute, Khaborvsh, USSR, May, 1991.


Conference Papers Not Published in Proceedings

R. Yu, J.N. Cai, P.S. Leung, M. Loke. “Comparative advantage trends of selected Hawaii’s agricultural products in the U.S. mainland market,”. 47th Western Regional Science Association Conference, Hawaii, February 18-20, 2008.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. “An optimal partial harvesting model for intensive shrimp culture,” Book of Abstracts WAS 2008: Busan, South Korea, p. 434.

R. Yu, P.S. Leung and P. Bienfang. “Modeling partial harvesting in intensive shrimp culture: a network-flow approach,”, paper presented at the North American Association of Fisheries Economists (NAAFE) Conference, March 27-30, 2007, Merida, Mexico.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. “Optimal partial harvesting schedule: an impulsive control approach,” presented at the INFORMS (The Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences) International 2006, Hong Kong, July 25-28, 2006.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. “Optimal partial harvesting schedule for aquaculture operations," Book of Abstracts WAS 2006: Florence, Italy, p. 561.

C.A. Otoshi, C. Whitehead, F. Falesch, S. Naguwa, P.S. Leung and S. M. Moss. “Production of broodstock-size pacific white shrimp litopenaeus vannamei in a biosecure system using a partial harvest strategy,” Book of Abstracts Aquaculture America 2006: Las Vegas, USA, p.219.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. “Integrating an artificial neural network model with the optimal scheduling model: application to a commercial shrimp farm,” presented at the Triennial International Federation of Operational Research Societies (IFORS) 2005, Honolulu, Hawaii, July 11-15, 2005.

R. Yu and P.S. Leung. “Optimal harvesting strategies for a multi-pond and multi-cycle shrimp operation: a practical network model,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2005: Bali, Indonesia, p. 330.

J. Cai, P.S. Leung and N. Hishamunda. “The contribution of commercial aquaculture to food security in Sub-Saharan African countries,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2004: Honolulu, Hawaii, p. 86.

F. Martínez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. “Environmentally-adjusted productivity indicators for sustainable shrimp farming,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2004: Honolulu, Hawaii, p. 381.

F. Martínez-Cordero and P.S. Leung. “Regional sustainable development of shrimp farming in northwest Mexico: results from a multicriteria decision making (MCDM) model,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2003: Salvador, Brazil, p. 461.

P.S. Leung and S. Pooley. “Economy-wide impacts of reductions in fisheries production: a supply-driven approach,” Book of Abstracts Fourteenth International Conference on Input-Output Techniques, Montréal, October 10-15, 2002, p.37.

F. Martínez-Cordero, L.G. Obaldo and P.S. Leung. “Economic analysis of alternative feeding in a zero exchange shrimp aquaculture system,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2002: Beijing, China, p. 555.

A.C. Ostrowski1, C.E. Helsley, M. Chambers, A. Apeitos, J. Zimmerman, R. Cates, J. B. Brock, P.S. Leung, L.E. Kam, and D. Bybee. “Offshore culture of the Pacific threadfin Polydactylus sexfilis in Hawaii: results of the Hawaii Offshore Aquaculture Research Project (HOARP) Phase II,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2002: Beijing, China, p. 574.

Leung, P.S., Kam, L.E., Martinez-Cordero, F., and Ostrowski, A.C. “Comparative economics of land-based and off-shore culture of Pacific threadfin Polydactylus sexfilis in Hawaii,” Book of Abstracts World Aquaculture 2002: Beijing, China, p. 400.

N.C. Pradhan, K.R. Sharma, and P.S. Leung. “Analyzing technical and economic interrelationships in Hawaii's longline fishery,” paper presented at the 53rd Tuna Conference held at Lake Arrowhead, May 2002.

P.S. Leung, K. Heen and H. Bardarson. “Trade-offs among economic profits, regional employment and regional income of the cod fisheries in the Barents Sea,” The Third World Fisheries Congress, October 31 to November 3, 2000, Beijing, China. [Book of Abstracts, pp. 310-311]

P.S. Leung, S. Setboonsarng, L.H. Hoang and N.T. Mui. “Identifying potential freshwater cultured white fish for aquaculture development in Tien Giang Province, Vietnam,” Aqua2000, May 2-6, 2000, Nice, France. [Book of Abstracts, p. 391]

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. “Technical efficiency of carp production in India: a stochastic production frontier analysis,” Aqua2000, May 2-6, 2000, Nice, France. [Book of Abstracts, p. 644]

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. “Economic impacts of catch allocation from commercial fishery to recreational fishery in Hawaii,” IIFET2000, July 10-14, 2000, Corvallis, Oregon.

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. “Technical efficiency of carp pond culture in south Asia: an application of stochastic meta-production frontier model,” World Aquaculture '99, April 27-30, 1999, Sydney, Australia. [Book of Abstracts, p. 445]

P.S. Leung, L.T. Tran and A.W. Fast. “Identifying factors affecting shrimp disease occurrence using logistic regression model,” Fifth Asian Fisheries Forum, November 11-14, 1998, Chiang Mai, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p. 120]

K.R. Sharma and P.S. Leung. “Technical efficiency of carp production in Nepal: an application of stochastic frontier production function approach,” Fifth Asian Fisheries Forum, November 11-14, 1998, Chiang Mai, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p. 208]

F.J. Martinez-Cordero, W.J. FitzGerald and P.S. Leung. “Evaluation of productivity in extensive aquaculture practices using interspatial TFP index, Sulawesi Indonesia,” Fifth Asian Fisheries Forum, November 11-14, 1998, Chiang Mai, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p. 329]

P.S. Leung and L.T. Tran. “Predicting shrimp disease occurrence: neural networks vs. logistic regression,” World Aquaculture '98, February 15-19, 1998, Las Vegas, Nevada. [Book of Abstracts, p.325]

O. El-Gayar and P.S. Leung. “ADDSS: a tool for regional aquaculture development,” World Aquaculture‘'98, February 15-19, 1998, Las Vegas, Nevada. [Book of Abstracts, p.157-158]

P.S. Leung, J. Muraoka, S.T. Nakamoto and S. Pooley. “Evaluating fisheries management options in Hawaii using AHP,” paper presented at the Fisheries Management under Uncertainty Symposium, Bergen, Norway, June 3-5, 1997. [Book of Abstracts, pp. 13]

M. Pan, F. Ji, P.S. Leung, S.T. Nakamoto and S. Pooley. “A multilevel and multiobjective programming model of Hawaii's multifisheries,” paper presented at the 48th Tuna Conference, Lake Arrowhead, California, May 19-22, 1997.

P.S. Leung and L.H.P. Gunaratne. “Productivity of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in Asia: an inter-country comparison,” World Aquaculture '97, February 19-23, 1997, Seattle, Washington. [Book of Abstracts, p.287]

L.H.P. Gunaratne and P.S. Leung. “Productivity analysis of Asian shrimp industry: the case of Malaysian shrimp culture,” World Aquaculture '97, February 19-23, 1997, Seattle, Washington. [Book of Abstracts, p.188]

L.H.P. Gunaratne and P.S. Leung. “Asian black tiger shrimp industry: a productivity analysis,” Second Biennial Georgia Productivity Workshop, November -13, 1996, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia.

S. Banaszak, U. Chakravorty and P.S. Leung. “Ground transportation fuel demand in Asian tigers: a comparative study of Korea and Taiwan,” 20th Annual International Association of Energy Economists Meeting, India, December 1996.

B.H. Ling, P.S. Leung and Y.C. Shang. “Cost comparisons of Asian shrimp farming systems: the domestic resource cost (DRC) approach,” World Aquaculture ‘96, January 22-February 2, 1996, Bangkok, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p.233]

O. El-Gayar and P.S. Leung. “An aquacultural development decision support system (ADDSS):a prototype system with application in Egypt,” World Aquaculture ‘96, January 22-February 2, 1996, Bangkok, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p.118]

J.R. Cook and P.S. Leung. “Economics of Asian shrimp and carp aquaculture,” World Aquaculture ‘96, January 22-February 2, 1996, Bangkok, Thailand. [Book of Abstracts, p.90]

K.R. Sharma, P.S. Leung and H.M. Zaleski. “Productive efficiency of the swine industry in Hawaii: econometric approach vs. data envelopment (DEA) approach,” New England Conference on Efficiency and Productivity, Armidale, Australia, November 23-24, 1995.

O. El-Gayar, P.S. Leung and L. Rowland. “An aquacultural development decision support system (ADDSS): a preliminary design,” 25th Conference of the World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 12-18, 1994.

O. El-Gayar and P.S. Leung. “A risk programming model for brackish water polyculture: a case study in Egypt,” 25th Conference of the World Aquaculture Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, January 12-18, 1994.

P.S. Leung and W. Miklius. “Demand for nutrition vs. demand for tastes,” 40th North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International, Houston, Texas, November 11-14, 1993.

D. Zhou, J.F. Yanagida, P.S. Leung and U. Chakravorty. “Regional economic analysis using alternative state models: a comparison of computable general equilibrium and input-output techniques,” 40th North American Meetings of the Regional Science Association International, Houston, Texas, November 11-14, 1993.

P.S. Leung, Y.C. Shang and C.A. Tisdell. “Comparison of the cost of producing giant clam (Tridacna gigas) in Australia and the Republic of Marshall Islands,” World Aquaculture Conference ‘93, Torremolinos, Spain, May 26-28, 1993.

Y.C. Shang, P.S. Leung and J. Brown, “Results of giant clam marketing survey,” International Coral Reef Conference, Guam, 1992.

Workshops and Other Presentations

“Contribution and Linkage Measures in Input-Output Analysis: An Assessment,” an invited presentation at the University of Hong Kong, July 19, 2004.

Topicos Actuales de Economia Acuicola: enfoque en planeacion regional y Economic de Produccion (Aquaculture Economics and Regional Planning), co-taught this short course, CIAD, Mazatlan, Mexico, June 7-11, 2004.

The Third World Fisheries Congress, October 31 to November 3, 2000, Beijing, China, economic session co-chair. Conference on Aquaculture in the Third Millenium, February 20-25, 2000, Bangkok, Thailand, invited as a panel member and rapporteur.

“Assessing economic impacts of fishery management measures,” Guest speaker for the 1998 annual Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council Meeting, Honolulu, Hawaii, December 2-3, 1998.

P.S. Leung and B. Smith. “An estimate on the economic loss to the state by shipping calves to U.S. Mainland,” Mealani Field Day, 1997, pp. 5-7.

“State model application for the series M-K 2010 projection,” presented at the Planning Workshop on Baseline Projections for Long-Range Planning, December 15, 1995, Hawaii State Department of Transportation.

Workshop on Multiple Criteria Decision Making Techniques, Jilin University, Peoples Republic of China, December 16-19, 1992.

Workshop on Socio-Economics of Milkfish Farming, Tungkang Marine Laboratory, Taiwan, December 20-21, 1991. “Prioritizing client-needs,” Vision 2001: Direction for the Future, Campus Ballroom, February 12, 1991.

“Allocation of R&D resources using AHP,” invited presentation for the Council for Agricultural Product Expansion (CAPE) Committee, April 4, 1991.

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