Plants in Public Places
Jody Smith, Education
O‘ahu, Hawai'i and Maui
architects command considerable power and impact significant acreages
via their design decisions for large scale commercial, government
and subdivision projects. Landscape contractors make the day-to-day
installation and maintenance decisions which make or break the success
of native tree plantings. Nurserymen ultimately provide the variety
and quality of native plant materials for these projects and impact
the direction of the entire industry. It is imperative to keep these
three groups well-informed about the appropriate use of native trees
and plants. A series of workshops for the landscape industry about
using native trees and plants were held for these three target groups.
The project was jointly
sponsored by CTAHR, the Landscape
Industry Council of Hawaii (LICH) and Dennis Kim of Native Plant Source. Additional grant funding
was received from the Kaulunani
Urban and Community Forestry Program.
Need: A major educational
event that targeted the landscape industry regarding the use of
native Hawaiian trees and plants for landscaping was held in 1992.
A decade later, many advances have been made in this field. Landscape
architects have become more sophisticated in their design with natives.
A greater number of native trees and plants are commercially available.
Progress has been made in the arena of native plant propagation.
It was timely to provide this updated information to landscape architects,
landscaping contractors and nurseries via the workshop format. Professional
workshops effectively disseminate technical information as well
as provide valuable networking opportunities for this target audience.
Objective: To update
landscape professionals (landscape architects, landscape contractors
and nurserymen) about the trends and opportunities available using
native trees and plants via three workshops on O‘ahu, Hawaii
The O‘ahu workshop was carried out on July 12, 2002, at the
Pacific Beach Hotel in Waikiki. Over 100 people attended the event
representing all aspects of the landscaping industry (nurseries,
contractors and landscape architects) as well as various departments
of federal, state and local government, including individuals from
local garden clubs, conservation groups and environmental organizations.
A spectacular plant display was provided by Dennis Kim and Hui Ku
Maoli Ola Native Plant Specialists.
The Hawai'i Island workshop was held on Friday, November 8th, 2002,
at the Cooperative Extension Offices in the Komohana Complex in
Hilo. Workshop evaluations were very positive. We had an excellent
display area with book sales, and two native plant exhibits as well
(by Grow Native and Kapoho Kai). Day two provided an optional tour
of local native gardens in Hilo (sponsored by the CES Hilo staff).
This program received excellent newspaper coverage. Over 110 people
attended this program, with the majority of the representatives
being from the landscaping industry, government, local garden clubs,
conservation groups and environmental organizations (no landscape
The Maui workshop was held on Saturday, April 5th, 2003, at Maui
Community College in Kahului. Approximately 65 people attended this
program (limited by room size) with the majority of the representatives
being from the landscaping industry, local garden clubs, conservation
groups and environmental organizations (few government representatives,
no landscape architects). The local papers ran several articles
in advance of the program. Ho`olawa Farms provided an eye-catching
native plant display.
Benefits: As a
result of this program, many landscapers and nursery owners have
attended the programs and come away with valuable information and
contacts. Hawaii Landscape magazine has run a series
of announcements and articles about the use of native plants, greatly
heightening awareness in the industry. In addition, local garden
clubs and environmental/conservation groups have become aware of
the potential for using native plants in the landscape. General
public awareness has been increased in general, especially with
the press coverage for each workshop.
and Volunteer organizations:
This program has enjoyed wide-spread support from grassroots volunteers
from hula halau, garden clubs, nurseries, students, and local conservation
In addition, we obtained
financial support from Hawaiian Electric Company, The Outdoor Circle,
Diamond Head Sprinkler Supply, Garden Club of Honolulu, Hawai`i
Association of Nurserymen, Hawai`i Island Landscape Association,
Hawai`i Landscape and Irrigation Contractors Association, Maui Association
of Landscape Professionals, Native Pathfinders Institute, Nutricote,
R&S Nii Nursery, RM Towill, and Scenic Hawaii. We used these
funds to purchase and print conference t-shirts.
How to Plant a Native Hawaiian Garden: Online Handbook:
CTAHR free publications about growing ornamental plants, including
several native plants:
Bornhorst, Heidi. Growing Native Hawaiian
Plants; A How-to Guide for the Gardener, The Best
Press, Honolulu, Hawai'i, 1971. (introductory guide on growing
Culliney, John L. and Koebele, Bruce P., A
Native Hawaiian Garden,
University of Hawai'i
Press, Honolulu, Hawai'i, 1999. (more advanced
guide to native plants and their propagation)
Growing Plants for Hawaiian Lei,
CTAHR University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i, 2002.
(guidebook to growing lei plants for home or commercially, including
horticultural, cultural and business information). Click
here for more information.
McDonald, Marie A., and Weissich, Paul R. Na
Lei Makamae: The Treasured Lei, University
of Hawai'i Press, Honolulu, Hawai'i,
2003. (Book about pre-contact leis and the native and canoe plants
used in them).