Camiel Doorenweerd

Junior Researcher
Curator of the University of Hawai'i Insect Museum Fruit Fly (Tephritidae) collections

 Contact Info 
Office: Gilmore 607
E-mail: camiel.doorenweerd [at] hawaii [dot] edu

Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences
College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources
3050 Maile Way, Room 310
Honolulu, HI 96822

Fields of research: Systematics, taxonomy, evolution,
speciation, co-evolution, plant-insect relations, diagnostics.


Current Status (April 2017-present)

  • Junior researcher, University of Hawai'i, Manoa, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection Sciences
  • Curator, University of Hawai'i Insect Museum


University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  Doctorate of Philosophy in Science, October 2016

Radboud University Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
  Master of Science in Biology, August 2009
  Bachelor of Science in Biology, September 2007


17/04-present: molecular recognition of Fruit Flies (Tephritidae: Dacini)

  • Constructing phylogenies involving the ~900 species of Dacini fruit flies
  • Taxonomy, including describing new species
  • Developing morphological and molecular (DNA) diagnostics for the pest species in collaboration with the USDA


Doorenweerd, C., Leblanc, L., Hsu, Y-F, Huang, C-L, Lin, Y-C, San Jose, M., Rubinoff, D. 2019. Taiwan’s Dacini fruit flies: rare endemics and abundant pests, along altitudinal gradients. Pacific Science 74(1): early online.

Sohn J.-C., Doorenweerd, C., Nam K.S., Choi S.-W. 2018. New leaf-mine fossil from the Geumgwangdong Formation, Pohang Basin, South Korea, associates pygmy moths (Lepidoptera, Nepticulidae) with beech trees (Fagaceae, Fagus) in the Miocene. Journal of Paleontology: 1–6. DOI:

Reil, J. B., Doorenweerd, C., San Jose, M., Sim, S., Geib, S., Rubinoff, D. 2018. Transpacific coalescent pathways of coconut rhinoceros beetle biotypes: resistance to biological control catalyzes resurgence of an old pest. Molecular Ecology early online. DOI:

San Jose, M., Doorenweerd, C., Leblanc, L., Barr, N., Geib, S., Rubinoff, D. 2018. Tracking the origins of fly invasions: using mitochondrial haplotype diversity to identify potential source populations in two genetically intertwined fruit fly species (Bactrocera carambolae and Bactrocera dorsalis). Journal of Economic Entomology 111(6): 2914–2926 DOI:

Doorenweerd, C., Leblanc, L. 2018. Unusual dark forms of the Solanum fruit fly Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) in Hawaii (Tephritidae: Dacini). Proceedings of the Hawaiiand Entomological Society 50: 17–23.

Kirichenko, N., Triberti, P., Kobayashi, S., Doorenweerd, C., Ohshima, I., Huang, G.H., Wang, M., Magnoux, E., Lopez-Vaamonde, C. 2018. Systematics of Phyllocnistis leaf-mining moths (Lepidoptera, Gracillaridae) feeding on dogwood (Cornus spp.) in Northeast Asia, with the description of three new species. Zookeys 736: 79–118. DOI:

Kobayashi, S., John, C.A., Lopez-Vaamonde, C., Doorenweerd, C., Kawakita, A., Ohshima, I., Lees, D.C., Hanabergh, S., Kawahara, A.Y. 2018. Hawaiian Philodoria (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae, Ornixolinae) leaf mining moths on Myrisine (Primulaceae): two new species and biological data. Zookeys 773: 109–141. DOI:

van Nieukerken, E.J., Lees, D.C., Doorenweerd, C., Koster, J.C., Bryner, R., Scheurs, A., Timmermans, M.J.T.N., Sattler, K. 2018. Two European Cornus L. feeding leafmining moths, Antispila petryi Martini, 1899, sp. rev. and A. treitschkiella (Fischer von Röslerstamm, 1843) (Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae): an unjustified synonymy and overlooked range expansion. Nota Lepidopterologica 41(1): 39–86. DOI:

Milla, L., van Nieukerken, E.J., Vijverberg, R., Doorenweerd, C., Wilcox, S.A., Halsey, M., Young, D.A., Jones, T.M., Kallies, A., Hilton, D.J. 2018 A preliminary molecular phylogeny of shield-bearer moths (Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae) highlights rich undescribed diversity. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 120: 129–143. DOI:

Doorenweerd, C., Leblanc, L., Norrbom, A.L., San Jose, M., Rubinoff, D. 2018. A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae). Zookeys, 730, 19–56. DOI:

San Jose, M., Doorenweerd, C., Leblanc, L., Barr, N., Geib, S., Rubinoff, D. 2018. Incongruence between molecules and morphology: A seven-gene phylogeny of Dacini fruit flies paves the way for reclassification (Diptera: Tephritidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 121: 139–149. DOI:

C Doorenweerd, EJ Van Nieukerken, RJB Hoare. 2017. Phylogeny, classification and divergence times of pygmy leaf‐mining moths (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae): the earliest lepidopteran radiation on Angiosperms? Systematic Entomology 42 (1), 267-287.

T Breeschoten, C Doorenweerd, S Tarasov, AP Vogler. 2016. Phylogenetics and biogeography of the dung beetle genus Onthophagus inferred from mitochondrial genomes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 105, 86-95.

Marko Mutanen, Sami M Kivelä, Rutger A Vos, Camiel Doorenweerd, Sujeevan Ratnasingham, Axel Hausmann, Peter Huemer, Vlad Dincă, Erik J van Nieukerken, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Roger Vila, Leif Aarvik, Thibaud Decaëns, Konstantin A Efetov, Paul DN Hebert, Arild Johnsen, Ole Karsholt, Mikko Pentinsaari, Rodolphe Rougerie, Andreas Segerer, Gerhard Tarmann, Reza Zahiri, H Charles J Godfray. 2016. Species-level para-and polyphyly in DNA barcode gene trees: strong operational bias in European Lepidoptera. Systematic biology 65 (6), 1024-1040.

C Doorenweerd. 2016. Branching out: the role of host plants in the diversification of leaf-mining moths.

EJ van Nieukerken, C Doorenweerd, RJB Hoare, DR Davis. 2016. Revised classification and catalogue of global Nepticulidae and Opostegidae (Lepidoptera, Nepticuloidea). ZooKeys, 65.

EJ van Nieukerken, C Doorenweerd, K Nishida, C Snyers. New taxa, including three new genera show uniqueness of Neotropical Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera). 2016. ZooKeys, 1.

MP Jordan, JR Langmaid, C Doorenweerd. 2016. Morphological difference between upperside and underside leaf-mining larvae of Phyllocnistis Unipunctella (Stephens, 1834)(Lep.: Gracillariidae) and its changing phenology. The Entomologist's record and journal of variation 128, 121-127.

JAM van Roosmalen, C Doorenweerd. 2015. Coleophora gryphipennella (Hübner, 1796)(Lepidoptera, Coleophoridae) on Fragaria vesca L. (Rosaceae), a novel host, in the coastal dunes of The Netherlands. Nota Lepidopterologica 38 (2), 147.

C Doorenweerd, EJ Van Nieukerken, JC Sohn, CC Labandeira. 2015. A revised checklist of Nepticulidae fossils (Lepidoptera) indicates an Early Cretaceous origin. Zootaxa 3963 (3), 295-334.

Erik J Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Marko Mutanen, Jean-Francois Landry, Jeremy Miller, Jeremy R deWaard. 2015. A great inventory of the small: combining BOLD datamining and focused sampling hugely increases knowledge of taxonomy, biology, and distribution of leafmining pygmy moths (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae). GENOME 58 (5), 262-262.

C Doorenweerd, EJ van Nieukerken, SBJ Menken. 2015. A global phylogeny of leafmining Ectoedemia moths (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae): exploring host plant family shifts and allopatry as drivers of speciation. PloS one 10 (3), e0119586

C Doorenweerd, EJ van Nieukerken, SBJ Menken. 2015. A global phylogeny of leafmining Ectoedemia moths (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae): host plant family shifts and allopatry as drivers of speciation. PLoS One.

LVC Kirichenko N.I., Augustin S., Roques A., van Nieukerken E.J., Doorenweerd C. 2014. Development of DNA barcoding reference library for fast and accurate identification of immature stages of potential forest insect pests. North Asian leafminers as an example. All-Russian Conference with international participation, dedicated to the 70th anniversary of Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RAS «Forest ecosystems of the boreal zone: geography, structure, function and dynamics».

Krijn B Trimbos, Camiel Doorenweerd, Ken Kraaijeveld, CJM Musters, Niko M Groen, Peter de Knijff, Theunis Piersma, Geert R de Snoo. 2014. Patterns in nuclear and mitochondrial DNA reveal historical and recent isolation in the Black-tailed Godwit (Limosa limosa). PloS one 9 (1), e83949

KB Trimbos, C Doorenweerd, K Kraaijeveld, CJM Musters, NM Groen. 2014. Godww it (Limosa limosa).

Camiel Doorenweerd, Merel M van Haren, Maarten Schermer, Sander Pieterse, Erik J van Nieukerken. 2014. A Linnaeus NG TM interactive key to the Lithocolletinae of North-West Europe aimed at accelerating the accumulation of reliable biodiversity data (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). ZooKeys, 87.

C Doorenweerd, B As, J Scheffers. 2014. The explosive expansion of the lime leaf miner in Europe: invading the Netherlands? Entomologische Berichten 74 (3), 111-114.

F Groenen, KJH Huisman, C Doorenweerd. 2013. Phalonidia manniana, een complex van twee soorten: Ph. manniana en Ph. udana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). entomologische berichten 73 (5), 191-196.

GA de Groot, I Laros, WJ Dimmers, K Beentjes, C Doorenweerd, JH Faber. 2012. Monitoring mite diversity in European soils using high-throughput eDNA barcoding tools.

EJ van Nieukerken, C Doorenweerd, FR Stokvis, DSJ Groenenberg. 2012. DNA barcoding of the leaf-mining moth subgenus Ectoedemia s. str.(Lepidoptera Nepticulidae) with COI and EF1-[alpha]: two are better than one in recognising cryptic species. Contributions to Zoology 81 (1).

EJ Van Nieukerken, C Doorenweerd, WN Ellis, KJ Huisman, JC Koster, W Mey, TST Muus, A Schreurs. 2012. Bucculatrix ainsliella Murtfeldt, a new North American invader already widespread on northern red oaks (Quercus rubra) in Western Europe (Bucculatricidae). Nota lepidopterologica 35 (2), 135-159.

EJ van Nieukerken, D Wagner, M Baldessari, L Mazzon, G Angeli, V Girolami, C Duso, C Doorenweerd. 2012. Antispila oinophylla new species (Lepidoptera, Heliozelidae), a new North American grapevine leafminer invading Italian vineyards: taxonomy, DNA barcodes and life cycle. ZooKeys

EJ van Nieukerken, M Mutanen, C Doorenweerd. 2011. DNA barcoding resolves species complexes in Stigmella salicis and S. aurella species groups and shows additional cryptic speciation in S. salicis (Lepidoptera: Nepticulidae). Entomologisk Tidskrift 132 (4), 235.

C Doorenweerd. 2009. Changing distribution patterns of Northern Hemisphere Eudicot hosts of Ectoedemia ss during the Tertriary in relation to their phylogeny: setting the scene for leafminer evolution. MSc Thesis. Nationaal Natuurhistorisch Museum Naturalis / Radboud University Nijmegen.