American Samoa Water Quality
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The American Samoa Interagency Piggery Management Council (ASIPMC)
Background of problems encountered in American Samoa
  Cultural background Surface water & Ground water Objectives Photos
  Legal setting Human Health Approach
  Piggery Waste Management Technique Development Program
  Implications of Pig Production on Human Health and the Environment Research Program
  Pig Husbandry and Water Awareness Program & Implementation and Education Program
Human Health
It is important that animal wastes be managed appropriately to prevent human illness. Poor management of animal waste can impact human health in several ways. Pathogens and parasites may affect people if fecal matter is ingested either directly from the hands or through the contamination of food. Preventing this type of human illness is principally a matter of proper hygiene and food preparation, however proper management of animal wastes will reduce the likelihood of contamination. When people come in contact with, or ingest contaminated surface water or groundwater they can contract skin infections or parasites. Animal wastes placed on food crops as fertilizer have the potential to spread pathogens that may subsequently be ingested by humans. This is a more significant concern for root crops and those foods that are eaten raw.
According to a 1996 ADAP health survey of swine in American Samoa, specific parasites include liver flukes, Coccidia, whipworm, stomach roundworm, kidney worm, lungworm, tapeworm, and mites, many of which can be passed on to humans. Several farms have tested positive for the presence of Leptospira bacteria, a bacterium that causes disease in humans similar to dengue fever and hepatitis, and can be fatal if untreated. It is not known if any deaths from leptospirosis have occurred in the territory, due to lack of adequate laboratory facilities and appropriate testing at the local hospital.
References : United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1999 Census of Agriculture.
Download entire document and piggery photos
American Samoa Interagency Piggery Managment Council American Samoa Interagency Piggery Managment Council.doc
American Samoa Interagency Piggery Managment Council American Samoa Interagency Piggery Managment Council.pdf
Download Leptospirosis Brochure
Leptospirosis Brochure samoan leptospirosis brochure.pdf
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