University of Hawai‘i at Manoa
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Last updated on Thursday, September 19, 2013     Make updates ->

Anne M  Alvarez

Name :

Anne M Alvarez

Title :

Emeritus

Unit :

Department of Plant & Environmental Protection Sciences

Address :

3190 Maile Way
                    Honolulu, HI 96822

Room :

St. John 315A

Phone :

(808)956-7764

Fax :

(808)956-2832

E-mail :

alvarez@hawaii.edu

Website :

http://phytobacteria.org/

Specialties :

Plant Pathology - Plant bacteriology: Anthurium-Disease ManagementVegetables in gen.-Disease ManagementCabbage-Disease ManagementTomatoes-Disease Management

Education :


High School, Modesto, California B.A. Stanford University, California M.S. University of California, Berkeley Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley

Research Interests :


  • Population diversity: Genetic, serological, and biochemical studies are undertaken to identify virulent subpopulations of bacteria and to show phylogenetic relationships among strains in selected species of plant pathogenic bacteria.
  • Diagnostics: Based on diversity of plant pathogens, our lab focuses on development and application of specific immunodiagnostic and DNA-based assays for detection and identification of pathogens distributed worldwide in seeds and plant propagative materials. We also work on development of biosensors and hand-held tracking systems for monitoring invasive species in mixed microbial populations.
  • Epidemiology: The tracking devices are used to determine primary sources of inoculum for bacterial diseases of tropical crops. We are currently working on pathogenic strains of bacteria that cause bacterial canker of tomato, anthurium blight, ginger wilt, and pineapple heart rot.
  • Biological control: A consortium of beneficial bacterial species has been developed that reduces the incidence and spread of anthurium blight. We are currently studying the effects of beneficial bacteria on disease, including their role in preventing the pathogen from colonizing foliar and vascular tissues. Host-pathogen interactions are studied using immunodiagnostic and DNA-based detection methods in plant tissues. A genetically modified bioluminescent strain of the anthurium blight pathogen is also used for determining effects of beneficial bacteria in preventing the infection process.


Selected Recent Publications :


  • Kubota, R., Vine, B, G., Alvarez, A.M., and Jenkins, D.M. 2008.Detection of Ralstonia solanacearum by Loop-mediated isothermal amplification method (LAMP).Phytopathology: 98:1045-1051.
  • Kaneshiro, W.K., Burger, M., Vine, B., de Silva, A., and Alvarez, A.M. 2008. Characterization of Erwinia chrysanthemi from a bacterial heart rot of pineapple outbreak in Hawaii. Plant Dis. 92:1444-1450.
  • Paret, M.L., de Silva, A.S., Criley, R.A., and Alvarez, A.M. 2008. Ralstonia solanacearum race 4: Risk assessment for edible ginger and floriculture ginger industries in Hawaii. HortTech 18 (1) 90-96.
  • Jenkins, D.M., Chami, B., Kreuzer, M., Presting, G., Alvarez A. M. and Liaw, B.Y. 2006. Hybridization probe for femtomolar quantification of selected nucleic acid sequences on a disposable electrode. Analytical Chemistry 78(7): 2314-2318.
  • Kaneshiro, W.S., Mizumoto, C.Y. and Alvarez, A.M. 2006.Differentiation of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis from seed-borne saprophytes using ELISA, Biolog and 16SrDNA sequencing. Eur. J. Plant Pathol. 116:45-56.
  • Alvarez, A.M., Kaneshiro, W.S. and Vine, B.G. 2005. Diversity of Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis populations in tomato seed: what is the significance? Acta Hort 695: 205-213.
  • Alvarez, A.M. 2004. Integrated approaches for detection of plant pathogenic bacteria and diagnosis of bacterial diseases. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol 42:339-366.


Languages :


Spanish