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Robert E  Paull

Name :

Robert E Paull

Title :

Rsrchr

Unit :

Department of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences

Address :

3190 Maile Way, Rm 102
                    Honolulu, HI 96822

Room :

St. John 516

Phone :

(808)956-7369

Fax :

(808)956-3894

E-mail :

paull@hawaii.edu

Website :

http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/TPSS/facultystaff/profiles/paullR.html

Specialties :

Post harvest handling tropical fruit flowers, vegetables Post harvest Physiology growth and development of plants Fruits in gen.-Climatic NeedsFruits in gen.-Production-all aspectsFruits in gen. PostharvestFruits in gen. StorageFruits in gen.-Packaging & Transport Fruits in gen. Product PackagingFruits in gen. Product ProcessingOrnamentals in gen.-Ornamentals


Professional Prep/Appointments :


St. Gregory High School, Australia 1962 BS University of Sydney 1966 - Agronomy PhD University of California at Berkeley 1975 - Plant Physiology

Projects :


1. Delaying Pineapple flowering using both chemical and transgenic means to reduce harvest losses. 2. Preharvest factors that influence pineapple translucency development. 3. Role of endoxylanase in fruit ripening and its controls. 4. Isolation and characterization genes involved in a papaya fruit ripening mutant with delayed softening. 5. Evolution of fruit ripening. 6. Characterization of genes potentially involved in fruit ripening from the papaya genome sequencing project.

Courses Taught:


TPSS 470 - Introductory Plant Physiology TPSS 473 - Postharvest physiology and Handling TPSS 674 - Plant Growth and Development

Research Interests :


Postharvest Physiology and Handling of Tropical Fruits, Vegetables and Flowers Our postharvest research program deals solely with tropical fruit, vegetables and flowers. Temperate commodity postharvest research is not performed, though advice is given on the handling of these commodities. There are three major postharvest constraints associated with tropical commodities. These constraints are: 1. the presence of three major fruit flies and other insects that necessitate additional postharvest quarantine treatments; 2. the chilling sensitivity of the tropical commodities limiting the use of refrigeration to extend postharvest life and maintain quality; and 3. the long distances or limited transportation infrastructure to major markets. The research addresses various aspects of these constraints at the basic and applied levels. However, there is a continuum from one to the other; this continuum provides and ideal environment for instruction, training and research. The teaching environment created provides, and allows, students to learn to appreciate the significance of basic research and its application to real commercial problems.

Selected Publications :


Patent: Paull, R. E. and Nancy Jung Chen. 2002. Plant xylanases. US Patent # 6495743, Issue date 2002 December 17. Publications: (Peer Reviewed) 75. Chen, Ching-Cheng, R. E. Paull. 2000. Sugar metabolism and pineapple fruit translucency. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 125:558-562. 76. Ma, Hongmei, H. H. Albert, R. E. Paull, Paul H. Moore. 2000. Metabolic engineering of invertase activities in different subcellular compartments affects sucrose accumulation in sugarcane cells. Australian J. Plant Physiology 21:1021-1030. 77. Paull, R. E., Gail Uruu, Alton Arakaki. 2000. Variation in the cooked and chipping quality of Taro. HortTechnology 10:823-829. 78. Paull, R. E. and Nancy J. Chen, 2000. Heat treatments and fruit ripening. Postharvest Biology and Technology 21:21-37 79. Zhou, Lili, D. A Christopher, R. E. Paull. 2000. Defoliation and fruit removal effects on papaya fruit production, sugar accumulation, and sucrose metabolism. J. Amer. Soc Hort Sci. 125:644-652 80. Chen, C. C., and R. E. Paull. 2001. Fruit temperature and crown removal on the occurrence of pineapple fruit translucency. Scientia Horticulturae 88:85-96. 81. Paull, R. E., and T. Chantrachit. 2001. Benzyladenine and the vase life of tropical ornamentals. Postharvest Biology & Technology 21:303-310. 82. Zhou, Lili, R. E. Paull. 2001. Sucrose metabolism during papaya (Carica papaya) fruit growth and ripening. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 126:351-357. 83. Kim, M. S., P. H. Moore, F. Zee, M. M. M. Fitch, D. L. Steiger, R. M. Manshardt, R. E. Paull, R. A. Drew, T. Sekioka, and R. Ming. 2002. Genetic diversity of Carica papaya L. as revealed by AFLP markers. Genome 45:503-512. 84. Bunsiri, Apita, Saichol Ketsa, R. E. Paull. 2002 Phenolic metabolism and lignin synthesis in damaged pericarp of mangosteen fruit after impact. Postharvest Biology and Technology 29:61-71. 85. Zhou, L. L., C-C Chen, R. Ming, D. A. Christopher, R. E. Paull. 2003. Apoplastic invertase and its enhanced expression and post translation control during fruit maturation and ripening. Journal of the American Society for Horticulture Science 128:628-635. 86. Chen, Nancy, J., R. E. Paull. 2003. Endoxylanase expressed during papaya fruit ripening: purification, cloning and characterization. Functional Plant Biology 30:433-441. 87. Chen, N. J., A. Manenoi, R. E. Paull. 2005. Papaya postharvest physiology and handling - problems and solutions. Acta Horticulturae 740:285-294 88. Sangwanangkul, P., R. E. Paull. 2005. The role of hexose transporter in sugar accumulation of papaya fruit during maturation and ripening. Acta Horticulturae 740:317-32289. Thumdee, S., A. Manenoi, R. E. Paull. 2005. Activity of papaya fruit hydrolases during normal and modified ripening. Acta Horticulturae 740:323-326 90. Manenoi, A. R. E. Paull. 2005. Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (MCP) on papaya fruit ripening. Acta Horticulturae (In press). 91. Manenoi, A., E. R. V.Bayogan, S. Thumdee and R. E. Paull. 2007. Utility of 1-Methylcyclopropene as a Papaya Postharvest Treatment. Postharvest Biology and Technology 44:55-62 92. Sangwanangkul, P., R. E. Paull. 2007. Pineapple organic acid metabolism and accumulation during fruit development. Scientia Horticulturae 112:297-303 98. R. E. Paull and Nancy Jung Chen. 2007. Postharvest handling and storage of the edible red seaweed Gracilaria. Postharvest Biology and Technology 48: 302-308. 99. R. Ming, S. Hou, Y. Feng, Q. Yu, A. Dionne-Laporte J.H. Saw, P. Senin, W. Wang, B. V. Ly, K.L.T. Lewis, S.L. Salzberg, L. Feng, M.R. Jones, R.L. Skelton, J.E. Murray, C. Chen, W. Qian, J. Shen, P. Du, M. Eustice, E. Tong, H. Tang, E. Lyons, R.E. Paull, T.P. Michael, K. Wall, D. Rice, H. Albert, M.Li Wang, Y.J. Zhu, M. Schatz, N. Nagarajan, R. Agbayani, P. Guan, A. Blas, C.Man Wai, C.M. Ackerman, Y. Ren, C. Liu, J. Wang, J. Wang, J.K. Na, E.V Shakirov, B. Haas, J. Thimmapuram, D. Nelson, X. Wang, J.E. Bowers, A. R. Gschwend, A.L. Delcher, R. Singh, J.Y. Suzuki, S. Tripathi, K. Neupane, H. Wei, B. Irikura, M. Paidi, N. Jiang, W. Zhang, G. Presting, A. Windsor, R. Navajas-Pérez, M. J. Torres. F. A. Feltus, B. Porter, Y. Li, A.M. Burroughs, M.C. Luo, L. Liu, D.A. Christopher, S.M. Mount, P.H. Moore, T. Sugimura, J. Jiang, M.A. Schuler, V. Friedman, T. Mitchell-Olds, D.E. Shippen, C.W. dePamphilis, J.D. Palmer, M. Freeling, A. H. Paterson, D. Gonsalves, L. Wang, M. Alam. 2008. Genome of the transgenic tropical fruit tree papaya (Carica papaya Linnaeus). Nature 452: 991-996. 100. Theeranuch Jaroenkit, Nancy Jung Chen and Robert E. Paull. 2008. Nectar Secretion, Mucilage Production and Mold Growth on Bird-of-Paradise Inflorescences. Postharvest Biology and Technology 49, 431–435 101. Hollingsworth, R. G., G. A. Chastagner, N. J. Reimer, D. E. Oishi, P. J. Landolt, & R. E. Paull, 2008. Use of shaking treatments and pre-harvest sprays of pyrethroid insecticides to reduce risk of yellowjackets and other insects on Christmas trees imported into Hawaii. Journal of Economic Entomology (Submitted) 102. Reyes, M.E.Q., Rohrbach, K.G., Paull, R.E. 2004. Microbial antagonists control postharvest black rot of pineapple fruit. Postharvest Biology and Technology 33, 193–203 Books (Author and Editor) 1. Paull, R. E. 1990. Tropical Fruit in International Trade (Editor). International Society for Horticultural Science. 208pp. Acta Horticulturae, Volume 269. 2. Paull, R. E., J. Armstrong, Editors. 1994. Insect Pests and Fresh Horticultural Products: Treatments and Responses. CAB International, Wallingford, England. 3. Nakasone, H. Y., Paull R. E., 1998. Tropical Fruits. CAB International, Wallingford, England. 445pp. 4. Bartholomew, D. P., Paull, R. E., Rohrbach, K.G., (Eds.) 2003. Pineapple: Botany, Production and Uses. 301pp. CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 5. Kays, S. J., Paull, R. E. 2004. Postharvest Biology. Exon Press, Athens, Georgia. 6. Chan, Y. K., R. E. Paull. 2007. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Papaya. Acta Horticulturae 740. 335pp. 7. Janick, J. And R. E. Paull. Editors. 2008. The Encyclopedia of Fruits and Nuts. CABI Publishing, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 954 pp Reviews. 1. Bartholomew, D. P., R. E. Paull. 1984. Pineapple. pp371-388. In S. P. Monelise (Ed), Handbook of Fruit set and Development. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 2 Paull, R. E. 1990. Chilling injury of crops of tropical and subtropical origin. p17-36. In C. Y. Wang (Ed), Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. 3 Paull, R. E. 1990 Postharvest heat treatments and fruit ripening. Postharvest News & Information 1:355-363 (Invited Review) 4 Knee, M., R. E. Paull, R. Ben Arie, J. S. Hawker. 1991. Enzymes in Fruits. In P.F. Fox (Ed), Food Enzymology Vol 1. Chapter 15 p545-598. Elsevier, Netherlands 5. Paull, R. E. 1992. Postharvest senescence and physiology of leafy vegetables. Postharvest News & Information 3:11-20. 6. Criley, R. A., R. E. Paull. 1993. Review of the postharvest handling of bold tropical cut flowers: Anthuriums, Red Ginger, Heliconia, and Bird of Paradise. Acta Horticulturae 337:201-211. 7. Paull, R. E. 1993. Pineapple and Papaya. p291-323. In. G. Seymour, J. Taylor, and G. Tucker. (Eds) Biochemistry of Fruit Ripening. Chapman & Hall, London, United Kingdom 8. Sorensen, M., M. Grum, R. E. Paull, V. Vaillant, A. Venthou-Dumaine, C. Zinsou. 1993. Yam bean (Pachyrhizus species). p59-102. In. J. T. Williams (Ed). Pulses and Vegetables. Published By The Centre for Under-utilized Crops. Chapman & Hall. London, United Kingdom. 9. Paull, R. E. 1994. Response of Tropical Commodities to Insect Disinfestation Treatments. HortScience 29:16-24. 10. Paull, R. E., J. Armstrong. 1994. Insect Pests and Fresh Horticultural Products: Treatments and Responses. Chapter 1. pp 1-36. In. R. E. Paull and J. W., Armstrong (Eds) Insect Pests and Fresh Horticultural Products: Treatments and Responses. CAB International, Wallingford, England. 11. Paull, R. E., R. McDonald. 1994. Product Physiological and biochemical responses to heat and cold product disinfestation responses. Chapter 10. pp 191-222. In. R. E. Paull and J. W., Armstrong (Eds) Insect Pests and Fresh Horticultural Products: Treatments and Responses. CAB International, Wallingford, England. 12. Paull, R. E. 1994. Heat Stress in Whole Plants. p102-106. In. T. L. Davenport and H.M. Harrington (Eds.) Plant Stress In the Tropical Environment. University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. 13. Paull, R. E., W. Nishijima, M. Reyes, C. Cavaletto. 1997. A review of postharvest handling and losses during marketing of papaya (Carica papaya L). Postharvest Biology & Technology 11:165-179. (peer reviewed) 14. Paull, R. E., T. G. Taylor. 1997. Workshop Proceedings: Enhancing the role of Valued Added Agriculture in Tropical Island Economies. Kona, Hawaii. 1996 June 02 to 05. 108pp. 15. Paull, R. E. 1997. Pineapple. p123-143. In. S. K. Mitra (ed) Postharvest Physiology and Storage of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. CABI International, Wallingford, England. 16. Paull, R.E. 1998 Soursop. pp. 386-400. In. Tropical and Subtropical Fruits. AgScience, Inc., Auburndale, Florida. 17. Paull, R. E. 2000. The use and impact of growth regulators in Hawaii. Proc Twenty-seventh Annual Meeting - Plant Growth Regulation Society of America, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii pp2-7. 18. Paull, R. E., Chen, C. C. 2003. Postharvest physiology, handling and storage of pineapple. pp 253-279. In. Pineapple: Botany, Production and Uses. Bartholomew, D. P., Paull, R. E., Rohrbach, K.G., (eds.) CABI, Wallingford, United Kingdom. 19. Jaroenkit, T., Paull, R. E. 2003. Postharvest handling of Heliconia, Red Ginger, and Bird-of-Paradise. HortTechnology 13:259-266. 20. Paull, R. E., Nancy Jung Chen. 2004. Tropical Fruit Postharvest: The Impact Of Biotechnology. Acta Horticulturae 694:377-385. 21 Brown, P., T. Lumpkin, S. Barber, E. Hardie, K. H. Kraft, E. Luedelin, T. Rosenstock, K. Tabaj, D. Clay, G. Luther, R. E. Paull, S. Weller, F. Youseffi, M. Demment. 2005. Global Horticulture Assessment. ISHS Scripta Horticulturae Number 3. 134pp. 22. Taniguchi, G., G. M. Sanewski, D.P. Bartholomew and R.E. Paull. 2008. Characteristics of the Pineapple Research Institute of Hawaii Hybrids 73-50 and 73-114. ISHS PineNews #15, 27-34