Animal Production

Toward Sustainable Agriculure logo

Matthew Stevenson, Extension Agent, Livestock and Range Programs

Grass Farming

See CTAHR's list of free publications available on Pasture and Range Management

Stocking rate: The most important tool in the toolbox by Mark Thorne, Matthew Stevenson.

Hawaii Rangelands Website provides introductory information and links for rangeland education.

The Forages Website provides graziers with tropical grass and legume information compiled from research station and on-ranch field plot projects from CTAHR’s Cooperative Extension Service. Website also contains information about marketing Big Island beef, “A Taste of the Hawaiian Range.”

Hawaii Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative: Foraging for Healthy Ecosystems Website: Includes resources, workshops, and an electronic newsletter.

The Kauaʻi Livestock Library is a collection of hard copy publications available for use at the Kauaʻi Extension Office, State Office Building, 3060 Eiwa Street, Room 210, Lihue. Many titles are available for loan, but owing to limited resources only Kauai residents may borrow publications. This Microsoft Excel file is a catalogue of titles currently available.

Grazing Management: An Ecological Perspective. Rodney K. Heitschmidt and Jerry W. Stuth (Editors). Timber Press, Inc. Portland, OR 1991.

Rangeland Ecology and Management. Harold F. Heady and R. Dennis Child. Westview Press, Boulder, CO 1994.

Range Development and Improvements (3rd Edition). John F. Vallentine. Academic Press, Inc. San Diego, CA 1989.

Range Management Principles and Practices. Jerry L. Holechek, Rex D. Pieper, and Carlton H. Herbel. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. 1989.

Range Economics. John P. Workman. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, NY. 1986.

Smith, Burt, PingSun Leung, and George Love. 1986. Intensive Grazing Management: Forage, Animals, Men, Profits. The Graziers Hui, Kamuela, HI. 350 p. ISBN 096627 0401. Available from: The Graziers Hui, P.O. Box 1944 , Kamuela, HI 96743. (808) 885-7553

ATTRA: Livestock: Provides downloadable files in five major topic areas: Beef -Dairy, Hogs-Sheep-Goats, Poultry, Grass Farming, Other Livestock Options American Grassfed Association, urganized to protect and promote true grassfed producers & grassfed products; as a cooperating multi species entity, that outreaches nationally through communication, education, research and marketing.

The Stockman Grass Farmer Magazine

Beef & Dairy

The CTAHR Beef Initiative, to improve the competitiveness, profitability, and sustainability of the beef industry.

Hawaii Cattlemen's Council

ATTRA: Livestock: Provides downloadable files in Beef and Dairy: Sustainable Beef Production, Raising Dairy Heifers on Pasture, Value-added Dairy Options, Alternative Meat Marketing, etc.

Salad Bar Beef, by Joel Salatin; published by Chelsea Green Publishing. Joel Salatin’s innovative methods for raising and marketing natural, grass-fed beef is explained in detail. Also available from Acres USA.


ATTRA: Livestock: Provides downloadable files in Hogs, Sheep, and Goats: Considerations in Organic Hog Production, Hooped Shelters for Hogs, Sustainable Hog, Sheep and Goat Production, etc.

Profitable Pork: Strategies for Hog Producers: This Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) bulletin showcases examples of alternate ways to raise pork profitably -- in deep-straw bedding, in hoop structures and on pasture.

What do you need to raise pigs?and Vaccination Schedule for Swine in Hawaii by Dr. Halina M. Zaleski, University of Hawaii Swine Extension Specialist.
Keeping Pigs Cool, ADAP FactSheet
New Construction Ideas for Healthier Pigs - Farrowing and Nursery, ADAP Factsheet
New Construction Ideas for Healthier Pigs - Flushing System, ADAP Factsheet
Food Discards for Swine, ADAP Factsheet
A Portable Dry-Litter Pig Pen, CTAHR Factsheet

Mark Honeyman, Iowa State University: Honeyman has written many articles on sustainable hog production and is doing research on hoop shelters and Swedish deep-bedded group nursing systems. For alternative swine production systems information and research results: Mark Honeyman, B1 Curtiss Hall, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011, (515) 294-4621,

Minnesota Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (MISA), Alternative Swine Production Systems Program, 385 Animal Science/Vet Med, 1988 Fitch Ave. University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN 55108 (877) ALT-HOGS (612) 625-6224

Texas Tech University Pork Industry Institute: For a free sustainable outdoor pork production information package (806) 742-2826

An Agriculture that Makes Sense: Making Money on Hogs: Describes and analyzes a 50-sow sustainable hog enterprise in Minnesota. Land Stewardship Project, 2200 4th Street, White Bear Lake, MN 55110, (651) 653-0618

Hogs Your Way: Options for keeping all sizes of hog production systems profitable and environmentally friendly. Includes profiles of hog farmers successfully using Swedish deep-straw farrowing systems, pasture farrowing and hoop house finishing. Minnesota Extension Service Distribution Ctr, Item #07641 (800) 876-8636

Swine Breeding, Gestating & Housing Series: MidWest Plan Service, (800) 562-3618, (click on "livestock")

Swine Source Book: Alternatives for Pork Producers: A collection of research and demonstration articles that focus on hoop structures, Swedish deep bedding, pasture systems, low antibiotics and marketing. Minnesota Extension Service Distribution Center, item #07289, (800) 876-8636.

Pork Industry Handbook: This cooperative project of Purdue land grant swine extension consists of over 130 fact sheets that are available for purchase at minimal cost.

The Ohio Pork Industry Center is a collaborative project of several land grant extension services, and is valuable for discussion of current issues.

National Pork Board: Areas of interest to new farmers include biosecurity, swine welfare assurance program, environmental regulations, Pork Facts (current information about the industry), disease information and many others. The Swine Care Handbook provides the basics of good swine care, covering items such as minimum area needed (in pens or on pasture), water needs, feed, and many other items critical to animal welfare. Pork Quality Assurance Manual covers management considerations in providing safe and quality pork.



University of California, Agriculture & Natural Resources (ANR) Catalogue

Kruesi, William K. 1985. Sheep Raiser’s Manual. Charlotte, VT: Williamson Publishing. 288 p.

ATTRA: Livestock: Provides downloadable files in Hogs, Sheep, and Goats: Considerations in Organic Hog Production, Hooped Shelters for Hogs, Sustainable Hog, Sheep and Goat Production, etc.


American Cheese Society, 34 Downing St. New York, NY 10014; (212) 727-7939. A non-profit organization for the promotion of natural specialty cheeses.

University of California, Agriculture & Natural Resources (ANR) Catalogue

ATTRA: Livestock Provides downloadable files in sheep and goat production


ATTRA: Livestock. Provides downloadable files in Poultry: Growing Your Range Poultry Business: An Entrepreneur's Toolbox, Range Poultry Housing, Small-Scale Poultry Processing, etc.

Profitable Poultry: Raising Birds on Pasture: This Sustainable Agriculture Network (SAN) bulletin features the latest research in a new "how-to" guide to raising chickens and turkeys using pens, movable fencing and pastures plus farmer experiences.

American Livestock Breeds Conservancy, P.O. Box 477, Pittsboro, NC 27312. (919) 542-5704;

The Breeders Directory, Society for the Preservation of Poultry Antiquities, lists breeders of rare and antique poultry, their stock and delivery methods. Contact Glenn Drowns, 1878 230th Street, Calamus, IA 52729-9659; (563) 246-2299.

Chicken Tractor by Andy Lee and Patricia Foreman. Good Earth Publications.

Day Range Poultry: Every Chicken Owner's Guide to Grazing Gardens and Improving Pastures by Andy Lee and Patricia Foreman. Information about raising poultry on pasture from egg to processing. Good Earth Publications.

Free-Range Poultry Production, Processing and Marketing by Herman Beck-Chenoweth. Back Forty Books 26328 Locust Grove Road, Creola, OH 45622, (614) 596-3079 (fax).

A Guide to Raising Chickens by Gail Damerow. Storey Books, 4818 West Converter's Drive, Appleton, WI 54913; (800) 441-5700.

Grit! American Pastured Poultry Producers Association newsletter. APPPA, P.O. Box 1024, Chippewa Falls, WI 54729; (715) 577-5966;;

Pastured Poultry Profits: New $25,000 in 6 Months by Joel Salatin (book and how-to video). Available from Acres USA, Phone: (800) 355-5313.

The Stockman Grass Farmer Magazine: To subscribe or for free sample, contact The Stockman Grass Farmer, 282 Commerce Park Drive, Ridgeland, MS 39157 (800) 748-9808;;

Eat Wild

Small scale poultry housing (Virginia Cooperative Extension)
Small scale poultry housing (designs)

ATTRA Range Poultry Housing

University of California, Agriculture & Natural Resources (ANR) Catalogue

Other Livestock

ATTRA: Other Livestock Topics. Provides downloadable files in Llama and Alpaca Farming, Ratite Production: Ostrich, Emu and Rhea, Beekeeping, etc.

American Ostrich Association

American Emu Association

Environmental Issues

Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship Curriculum: A national curriculum and supporting educational tools to help producers acquire certification and/or achieve environmentally sustainable production systems (available as downloadable .pdf files).

ATTRA: Managed Grazing in Riparian Areas: This publication is designed to help farmers and ranchers identify and use locally appropriate grazing practices to protect riparian resources. Methods include keeping livestock from streambanks, properly resting pastures to restore degraded land, and determining the proper duration and season for grazing pastures.

Manure & Composts

A Portable Dry Litter Pig Pen by Glen Fukumoto and Jim Wimberly (CTAHR Factsheet).

Composts as as Soil Amendment: Dr. Nguyen Hue, TPSS UH-CTAHR

Reducing Wastewater from a Swine Operation, ADAP Factsheet.
Collection and Separation of Solid and Liquid Swine Wastes, ADAP Factsheet
Treatment, Storage and Use of Swine Waste Solids, ADAP Factsheet
Treatment, Storage and Use of Swine Wastewater, ADAP Factsheet
Dry Litter Waste Management System, ADAP Factsheet

Pigs in Paradise Website: managing pig manure (American Samoa)

ATTRA Soils and Compost: A list of downloadable publications on how to assess, improve and maintain soil health for both croplands and pastures. Includes the following resources:

Composting Resources: A Series. 3-tape video series.The programs cover the benefits and costs of agricultural composting, ongoing research, and include practical farmer interviews. To order send $10 plus s/h to Agricultural Education &Extension Education, Video/Distance Learning Group, P.O. Box 442329, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID 83844-2329; (208) 885-7985.

USDA NRCS Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) helps fund projects that install conservation measures on agricultural lands to address animal waste, sedimentation, noxious weeds, insufficient water supply for crops or livestock, excess surface runoff, pesticide or nutrient contamination of ground or surface waters, or at-risk species habitat.


Silvopasture: National Agroforestry Center

The Overstory #36: Silvopasture: An Agroforestry Practice: Silvopasture as an agroforestry practice is specifically designed and managed for the production of trees, tree products, forage and livestock. This on-line articles overviews the practice.

Grazing Livestock Under Orchards by Glen Fukumoto, CTAHR


ATTRA Alternative Meat Marketing

Eat is a website about the benefits of choosing meat, eggs, and dairy products from pastured animals and includes a pastured products directory.

Taste of the Hawaiian Range is a successful marketing effort organized by CTAHR Cooperative Extension to promote Big Island beef products.



WSARE logo

These webpages were originally generated under a grant program from Western SARE entitled "New Farmers: Choosing the Road Less Traveled" EW03-002 (2004-2006). Toward Sustainable Agriculture (downloadable .pdf)