Vigna unguiculata

Also known as: blackeyed peas, southern peas

Subtropical and tropical annual legume


Plant Highlights

Cultural Traits


Seeding Method

Seed Cost: .50 $/lb

Seed Availability: Readily available


Cultivars commonly recommended by the Hawai`i Natural Resources Conservation Service include: 'Mississippi Pinkeye Purple Hull' which is reported to be root knot nematode resistant, burrowing nematode susceptible.


with sorghum-sudangrass hybrid, buckwheat

Soil Improvements

Pest Control

Management Attributes


Uses in the Pacific Region

No information is available in this database on this topic.

Uses in Hawai'i

The Hawai`i Natural Resources Conservation Service Technical Guide includes Cowpea (cv. 'Mississippi Pinkeye Purple Hull'). Their specification describes Cowpea as follows:

For More information

UC Davis On-line Cover Crop Index

FAO Web Site


1998. Managing Cover Crops Profitably, 2nd ed. Sustainable Agriculture Network, National Agricultural Library, Beltsville, USA. pp. 212.

USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, Hawai`i Field Office Technical Guide, Section IV, Code 340 "Cover and Green Manure Crop" May 1992. Pacific Islands Area Field Office Technical Guide (eFOTG) - East Area

WSARE logo

These webpages were originally generated under a grant program from Western SARE entitled "Covering New Ground: Tropical Cover Crops for Improving Soil Quality" EW98-012 (1998-2002).