Vines of Cassytha filiformis encircling noni stems, leaves and
Cassytha filifomis colonizing more than _ of a mature noni tree.
| Pest: Cassytha
Damage: Cassytha is a
parasitic vine that withdraws nutrients from the noni foliage.
Parasitism by this plant causes reduced photosynthesis, reduced
plant vigor, and can cause plant stunting and plant death.
Distribution: Cassytha filiformis occurs
on all major islands except Kahoolawe. Severe infestations
exist in the coastal areas of the Puna district and in the Kailua-Kona
region on the island of Hawaii.
has a wide host range, including at least 15 plant species in
Hawaii. Cassytha attacks plants in coastal and low-lying
- Manual removal of vines
Cassytha was previously unreported as a pest of noni in Hawaii
and the international literature.