University of Hawai‘i at Manoa
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Last updated on Friday, February 3, 2017     Make updates ->

Mark G.  Wright

Name :

Mark G. Wright

Title :


Unit :

Department of Plant & Environmental Protection Sciences

Address :

3050 Maile Way Rm. 310
                    Honolulu, HI 96822

Room :

Gilmore Hall 511A

Phone :


Fax :


E-mail :

Website :

Specialties :

insect ecology sustainable pest management integrated pest management biological control

Professional Prep/Appointments :

B.Sc. (1984-1986), Institution: University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. 
B.Sc. (Honours) (1987): Major: Zoology; Institution: University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. 
M.Sc. (1988-1990): Major: Entomology; Institution: University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. 
Ph.D. (1992-1996): Zoology/Entomology; Institution: University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.

Projects :

Elucidation of mechanisms associated with effective establishment of biological control agents; 
Development of probabilistic risk assessment procedures for biological control introductions; 
Management of key pests of macadamia nut and coffee; 
Trichogramma for augmentative biocontrol; 
Development of economic injury levels for tropic fruit and nut crops;
Erythrina gall wasp biological control;
Insect/elephant/tree interactions (in RSA).

Courses Taught:

Research/Academic Interests :

My research program addresses the development of environmentally sound pest management options, with emphasis on tropical fruit and nut crops. My main research interest is biological control and its integration with other pest management options. A major component of my interest in biological control understanding how to quantify non-target risks and to plan introductions of biological control agents to have minimal impact on indigenous species, yet maximal impact upon pest populations. Insect conservation is another of my research interests. Hawai'i provides an interesting location for the study of impacts of agriculture and other disturbances on endemic species. I hope to one day launch some projects on patterns of gall-insect diversity in the islands. Extension projects include developing sampling plans and thresholds for pests of bananas and macadamia nuts, and training growers in IPM approaches, sampling and insect identification for the purpose of pest scouting.

Recent Publications :

(Last 5 years)  All publications: Google scholar

Book chapters, Reviewed conference proceedings, Book reviews:  

  1. Wright, M.G. 2015. Proteas. In: Insects of Cultivated Plants and Natural Pastures in Southern Africa. Prinsloo, G.L. & Uys, V.M (Eds). Entomological Society of Southern Africa, Pretoria: 680-695. 
  2. Wright, M.G. 2014. Biological control of invasive insect pests. In: Integrated Pest Management – Current concepts and ecological perspective. Ed. Abrol, D.P. Publisher: Elsevier Academic Press. pp. 267-281. 
  3. Kaufman, L.V., Wright, M.G., Yalemar, J. & Messing, R.H. 2013. Biological control of the Erythrina gall wasp: protecting a native keystone forest species in Hawaii. Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Pucón, Chile. Peter G. Mason, David R. Gillespie & Charles Vincent Eds. pp. 72-74. 
  4. Wright, M.G. 2011. Pineapple insects; ecology and management. Encyclopedia of Pest Management. DOI: 10.1081/E-EPM-120042882. Taylor & Francis.
  5. Wieczorek, A.M. & Wright, M.G. 2011. History of agricultural biotechnology: how crop development has evolved. Scitable, by Nature Education Knowledge, Nature Publishing Group. 3(10): 9.
  6. Vorsino, A., Wieczorek, A., Wright, M.G., Ramadan, M. & Messing, R. 2009. Using molecular tools to identify and describe ecological and evolutionary processes affecting augmentative biological control. Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods. P.G. Mason, D.R. Gillespie and C. Vincent (Eds.).  pp. 124-133.

Peer-reviewed scientific journals

  1. Pulakkatu-thodi, I., Guitierrez, R. & Wright, M.G. Comparison of sampling intensity to estimate infestations of coffee berry borer on Hawaii island. (Submitted: Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society).
  2. Wright, M.G. & Bennett, G.B. Evolution of biological control agents following introduction to new environments. (Submitted: special issue of BioControl, invited.)
  3. Zarders, D.R. & Wright, M.G. 2016. Macadamia felted coccid, Eriococcus ironsidei: biology and life cycle in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 48: 51-55.
  4. Manandhar, R. & Wright, M.G. 2016. Within-field spatial distribution of corn planthopper, Peregrinus maidis (Hemiptera: Delphacidae), and severity of hopperburn and Maize mosaic virus symptoms as influenced by sunn hemp intercropping. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 161: 121-130. DOI: 10.1111/eea.12498.
  5. Kaufman, L.V. & Wright, M.G. Assessing probabilistic risk assessment approaches for insect biological control introductions. Insects (Under revision, Special Issue Biological Control of Invertebrate Pests.)
  6. Lu, B., Jin, Q., Wen, H., Bellis, G.A., Wright, M.G., Peng, Z., Wan, J., Guo, D. 2016. Biological, physiological and genetic response of Tetrastichus brontispae (Ferriere) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) following exposure to low temperature. BioControl 61: 649-659. DOI 10.1007/s10526-016-9757-9.
  7. Manandhar, R. & Wright, M.G. 2016. Effects of interplanting flowering plants on the biological control of corn Earworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Sweet Corn. Journal of Economic Entomology 109: 113-119.
  8. Leblanc, L., San Jose, M., Wright, M.G. & Rubinoff, D. 2015. Declines in biodiversity and the emergence of pest species across land use gradients in Southeast Asia. Landscape Ecology 31:505-516. (DOI 10.1007/s10980-015-0276-3).
  9. Greco, E.B. & Wright, M.G. 2015. Ecology, biology and management of the black twig borer (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) with emphasis on coffee in Hawaii. Journal of Integrated Pest Management 6(1) 7; DOI: 10.1093/jipm/pmv007.
  10. Manandhar, R., Wright, M.G. 2015. Enhancing biological control of corn earworm, Helicoverpa zea and thrips through habitat management and inundative release of Trichogramma pretiosum in corn cropping systems. Biological Control 89: 84-90.
  11. Tavares, J.M., Villalobos, E.M. & Wright, M.G. 2015. Contribution of insect pollination to Macadamia integrifolia production in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 47: 35-49.
  12. Benelli, G., Messing, R.H., Wright, M.G., Giunti, G., Kavallieratos, N.G. & Canale, A. 2014. Cues triggering mating and host-seeking behavior in the aphid parasitoid Aphidius colemani (Hymenoptera: Braconidae; Aphidiinae): implications for biological control programs. Journal of Economic Entomology 107: 2005-2022.
  13. Vorsino, A.E., Wieczorek, A.M., Wright, M.G., Messing, R.H. 2014. Genetic analysis of an introduced biological control agent reveals temporal and geographic change, with little evidence of a host mediated shift. Biological Control 77: 41-50.
  14. Leblanc L., Rubinoff, D. Wright M.G. 2013. Conservation implications of changes in endemic Hawaiian Drosophilidae diversity across land use gradients. PLoS ONE 8(5): e62464. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0062464.
  15. Benelli, G., Giunti, G., Messing, R.H. & Wright, M.G. 2013. Visual and olfactory female-borne cues evoke male courtship in the aphid parasitoid Aphidius colemani Viereck (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Journal of Insect Behavior 26: 695-707.
  16. Greco, E.G. & Wright, M.G. 2013. Dispersion and sequential sampling plan for Xylosandrus compactus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) infesting Hawaii coffee plantations. Environmental Entomology 42: 277-282.
  17. Greco, E.B. & Wright, M.G. 2012. First report of exploitation of coffee beans by black twig borer (Xylosandrus compactus) and tropical nut borer (Hypothenemus obscurus) (Coleoptera; Curculionidae: Scolytinae) in Hawaii. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 44: 71-78.
  18. Gardner, J., Wright, M.G., Kuhar, T.P., Pitcher, S.A. & Hoffmann, M.P. 2012. Dispersal of Trichogramma ostriniae in field corn. Biocontrol Science and Technology 22: 1221-1233.
  19. Vorsino, A.E., Wieczorek, A.M., Wright, M.G. & Messing, R.H. 2012. An analysis of heterosis and outbreeding depression among lab-reared populations of the parasitoid Diachasmimorpha tryoni (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): potential implications for augmentative releases. Biological Control 61: 26-31.
  20. Vorsino, A.E., Wieczorek, A.M., Wright, M.G. & Messing, R.H. 2012. Using evolutionary tools to facilitate the prediction and prevention of host-based differentiation in biological control: A review and perspective. Annals of Applied Biology 160: 204-216.
  21. Burbano, E.G., Wright, M.G., Gillette, N.E., Mori, S. Dudley, N., Jones, T. & Kaufmann, M. 2012. Efficacy of traps, lures and repellents for Xylosandrus compactus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and other ambrosia beetles on Coffea arabica plantations and Acacia koa nurseries in Hawaii. Environmental Entomology 41: 133-140.


Languages :

English, Afrikaans