A 9-month long initiative funded by the Honolulu Board of
Water Supply and executed by Malama o Manoa, culminated with
the release of key findings from a survey administered to
The Kuleana Project set out to effect change of activities
and practices of 1,000 households in
the Manoa sub-watershed through education and outreach utilizing
grassroots approach to promote water conservation practices
and to increase awareness of homeowner practices which contribute
to nonpoint source pollution.
Students representing 12 area schools administered a total
of 776 surveys in an Initial wave that established a baseline
measure. Households were recruited for participation in the
survey in a number of ways, including referrals from those
affiliated with the project; parents, grandparents or other
adult relatives of students; and other interested parties.
68% of those surveyed indicated a desire to receive an educational
visit where students explained to householders best practices
based on their individual responses to the initial survey.
Students used materials developed by Dr. Carl Evensen of
the University of Hawaii’s Department of Natural Resources
and Environmental Management (http://www2.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/HH-1.pdf).
Students then administered a final survey to the same households
that participated in the Initial survey. A total of 517 households
were interviewed in the final survey.
A subset of 375 surveys representing households in the Manoa
sub-watershed was analyzed. Questions centered on eight areas:
1) water conservation; 2) use of fertilizers; 3) green waste;
4) use of chemical pesticides and herbicides; 5) motorized
vehicles; 6) pets; 7) recycling; and 8) water run-off.
While Manoa sub-watershed households’ practices generally
are not bad to begin with, the survey suggests that educational
visits help increase positive practices. It also points to
the fact that a community-based initiative is a solid model
to modify practices.
Malama o Manoa is a broad-based community organization made
up of residents and friends of Manoa Valley whose purpose
is to promote community; celebrate our cultural diversity
and heritage; and preserve, protect and enhance the special
qualities of historic Manoa Valley. It is a non-profit corporation
founded in 1992 by a group of citizens concerned about Manoa's
future. Additional information on the Kuleana Project can
be found at: www.malamaomanoa.org